Modeling the effects of physician emigration on human development

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This paper quantifies the effects of physician emigration on human development indicators in developing countries. First, the geographical distribution and evolution of physician brain drain is documented for the period 1991-2004. Second, random and fixed effects models were employed to investigate the effects of physicians in the home countries and abroad on child mortality and vaccination rates. And third, models were estimated to investigate migration induced incentives and possible brain gain in the medical sector. The results showed positive effects of migration prospects on medical training though the magnitude was too small for generating a net brain gain. Also, infant and child mortality rates were negatively associated with the number of physicians per capita after the adult literacy rate exceeded sixty percent. The results for Diphteria, Pertussis andd Tetanus (DPT) and measles vaccinations underscored the importance of literacy rates and physicians per capita for higher vaccination uptake. Finally, from the standpoint of millennium development goals, reducing brain drain is likely to have only small effects on child mortality and vaccination rates.

Type: 
Time Series
Topics: 
Health, Nutrition and Population
Social Protection and Labor
Economy Coverage: 
Blend
High Income
IBRD
IDA
Low Income
Lower Middle Income
Upper Middle Income
Languages Supported: 
English
Number of Economies: 
192
Geographical Coverage: 
World
East Asia & Pacific
American Samoa
Australia
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
China
Cook Islands
Fiji
French Polynesia
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
Indonesia
Japan
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People's Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Lao PDR
Macao SAR, China
Malaysia
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Mongolia
Myanmar
Nauru
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Niue
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Samoa
Singapore
Solomon Islands
Taiwan, China
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu
Vietnam
Europe & Central Asia
Albania
Andorra
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Channel Islands
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Faroe Islands
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Gibraltar
Greece
Greenland
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Isle of Man
Italy
Kazakhstan
Kosovo
Kyrgyz Republic
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia, FYR
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
San Marino
Serbia
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Latin America & Caribbean
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Argentina
Bahamas, The
Barbados
Belize
Bolivia
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands
Chile
Costa Rica
Colombia
Cuba
Curaçao
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Grenada
Guatemala
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Jamaica
Martinique
Mexico
Montserrat
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Puerto Rico
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Barthélemy
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Martin (French part)
St. Lucia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uruguay
Venezuela, RB
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Middle East & North Africa
Algeria
Bahrain
Egypt, Arab Rep.
Djibouti
Iraq
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Libya
Malta
Morocco
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syrian Arab Republic
West Bank and Gaza
United Arab Emirates
Tunisia
Yemen, Rep.
North America
Bermuda
Canada
United States
South Asia
Afghanistan
Bangladesh
Bhutan
India
Pakistan
Nepal
Maldives
Sri Lanka
Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep.
Côte d'Ivoire
Ethiopia
Eritrea
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Gambia, The
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São Tomé and Principe
Seychelles
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Sudan
Eswatini
Tanzania
Togo
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Access Options:
Download
Temporal Coverage: 
1991 - 2004
Release Date: 
June 22, 2013

Last Updated

Last Updated: 
June 27, 2013

No Visualizations Available.

This paper quantifies the effects of physician emigration on human development indicators in developing countries. First, the geographical distribution and evolution of physician brain drain is documented for the period 1991-2004. Second, random and fixed effects models were employed to investigate the effects of physicians in the home countries and abroad on child mortality and vaccination rates. And third, models were estimated to investigate migration induced incentives and possible brain gain in the medical sector. The results showed positive effects of migration prospects on medical training though the magnitude was too small for generating a net brain gain. Also, infant and child mortality rates were negatively associated with the number of physicians per capita after the adult literacy rate exceeded sixty percent. The results for Diphteria, Pertussis andd Tetanus (DPT) and measles vaccinations underscored the importance of literacy rates and physicians per capita for higher vaccination uptake. Finally, from the standpoint of millennium development goals, reducing brain drain is likely to have only small effects on child mortality and vaccination rates.

Data Resources

FieldValue
Groups audience
Modified Date
2019-05-08
Release Date
Periodicity
Periodicity not specified
Identifier
b4e829ac-1d5d-48bc-a53d-521e2db5694d
Temporal Coverage

1991 - 2004

License
License Not Specified
Rating: 
0
No votes yet
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Number of Economies: 
192
Geographical Coverage: 
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
Start Date: 
Tuesday, January 1, 1991
End Date: 
Friday, December 31, 2004
DEC
Release Date: 
Saturday, June 22, 2013
Last Updated Date: 
Thursday, June 27, 2013
Granularity: 
Modified date: 
15882
Primary Dataset: 
Yes
collection_field: 

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CC-BY 4.0

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