Database of Political Institutions

The Database of Political Institutions presents institutional and electoral results data such as measures of checks and balances, tenure and stability of the government, identification of party affiliation and ideology, and fragmentation of opposition and government parties in the legislature, among others. The current version of the database, which is now hosted at the IDB, expands its coverage to about 180 countries for 40 years, 1975-2015. Researchers at the World Bank Development Research Group first compiled the database in 2000 (see citation information below). It has become one of the most cited databases in comparative political economy and comparative political institutions. Almost 3,000 studies have used this database so far as a source of institutional and political data in their empirical analysis.

Type: 
Time Series
Topics: 
Public Sector Management
Economy Coverage: 
High Income
IBRD
IDA
Low Income
Languages Supported: 
English
Number of Economies: 
180
Geographical Coverage: 
World
Access Options:
Download
Temporal Coverage: 
1975 - 2015
Release Date: 
February 29, 2000

Last Updated

Last Updated: 
July 17, 2017
PDF

Working paper

This paper introduces a large new cross-country database on political institutions: the Database on Political Institutions (DPI). The authors summarize key variables (many of them new), compare this data set with others, and explore the range of issues for which the data should prove invaluable. Among the novel variables they introduce: 1) Several measures of tenure, stability, and checks and balances. 2) Identification of parties with the government coalition or the opposition. 3) Fragmentation of opposition and government parties in legislatures. The authors illustrate the application of DPI variables to several problems in political economy. Stepan and Skach, for example, find that democracy is more likely to survive under parliamentary governments than presidential systems. But this result is not robust to the use of different variables from the DPI, which raises puzzles for future research. Similarly, Roubini and Sachs, find that divided governments in the OECD run higher budget deficits after fiscal shocks. Replication of their work using DPI indicators of divided government indicates otherwise, again suggesting issues for future research. Among questions in political science and economics, that this database may illuminate: the determinants of democratic consolidation, the political conditions for economic reform, the political and institutional roots of corruption, and the elements of appropriate and institutionally sensitive design of economic policy.

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The Database of Political Institutions presents institutional and electoral results data such as measures of checks and balances, tenure and stability of the government, identification of party affiliation and ideology, and fragmentation of opposition and government parties in the legislature, among others. The current version of the database, which is now hosted at the IDB, expands its coverage to about 180 countries for 40 years, 1975-2015. Researchers at the World Bank Development Research Group first compiled the database in 2000 (see citation information below). It has become one of the most cited databases in comparative political economy and comparative political institutions. Almost 3,000 studies have used this database so far as a source of institutional and political data in their empirical analysis.

Dataset Info

These fields are compatible with DCAT, an RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web.
FieldValue
Groups audience
Modified Date
2018-09-14
Release Date
December 31,1969
Periodicity
Periodicity not specified
Identifier
dbc56f93-7718-4a35-84ca-4468302dd6c1
License
License Not Specified
Temporal Coverage
Temporal Coverage: 
1975 - 2015
Rating: 
0
No votes yet
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Economy Coverage: 
Terms of Use: 
Number of Economies: 
180
Geographical Coverage: 
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
Start Date: 
Wednesday, January 1, 1975
End Date: 
Thursday, December 31, 2015
DEC
Release Date: 
Tuesday, February 29, 2000
Last Updated Date: 
Monday, July 17, 2017
Granularity: 
Modified date: 
17363
Primary Dataset: 
Yes

Data Access and Licensing

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This dataset is licensed under CC-BY 4.0

CC-BY 4.0

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