World Bank's Multidimensional Poverty Measure

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The Multidimensional Poverty Measure (MPM) seeks to understand poverty beyond just a monetary dimension by including access to education and basic infrastructure along with the monetary headcount ratio at the $1.90 poverty line. The World Bank’s measure takes inspiration and guidance from other prominent multidimensional measures, particularly the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) developed by UNDP and Oxford University but differs from them in one important aspect: it includes Monetary poverty (measured as having a daily consumption less than $1.90 in 2011 PPP) as one of the dimensions.
While monetary poverty is strongly correlated with deprivations in other domains, this correlation is far from perfect. The Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2020 (World Bank, 2020) report shows that over a third of those experiencing multidimensional poverty are not captured by the monetary headcount ratio, in line with the findings of the previous edition of the report (World Bank, 2018). A country’s MPM is at least as high as or higher than the monetary poverty, reflecting the
additional role of nonmonetary dimensions in increasing multidimensional poverty and their importance to general well-being.

Type: 
Time Series
Acronym: 
MPM
Languages Supported: 
English
External Contact Email: 
Topics: 
Poverty
GP & CCSAs: 
Poverty & Equity
Geographical Coverage: 
World
East Asia & Pacific
Australia
China
Fiji
French Polynesia
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
Indonesia
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People's Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Mongolia
Myanmar
Nauru
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Solomon Islands
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu
Vietnam
Europe & Central Asia
Albania
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Georgia
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Kosovo
Kyrgyz Republic
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Moldova
Montenegro
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Serbia
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Latin America & Caribbean
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Costa Rica
Colombia
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Guatemala
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
St. Lucia
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay
Venezuela, RB
Middle East & North Africa
Egypt, Arab Rep.
Djibouti
Iraq
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Malta
Morocco
Syrian Arab Republic
West Bank and Gaza
United Arab Emirates
Tunisia
Yemen, Rep.
North America
Canada
United States
South Asia
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Pakistan
Nepal
Maldives
Sri Lanka
Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep.
Côte d'Ivoire
Ethiopia
Eritrea
Gabon
Gambia, The
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
São Tomé and Principe
Seychelles
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Sudan
Eswatini
Tanzania
Togo
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Economy Coverage: 
Economy Coverage not specified
Number of Economies: 
124
Periodicity: 
Annual
Temporal Coverage: 
2014 - 2019
Release Date: 
April 1, 2021

Update Frequency

Update Frequency: 
Annually +
Access Options:
Download
Statistical Concept and Methodology: 
https://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/poverty-and-shared-prosperity-2018
Organization: 
World Bank
Time Periods: 
April, 2021

The Multidimensional Poverty Measure (MPM) seeks to understand poverty beyond just a monetary dimension by including access to education and basic infrastructure along with the monetary headcount ratio at the $1.90 poverty line. The World Bank’s measure takes inspiration and guidance from other prominent multidimensional measures, particularly the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) developed by UNDP and Oxford University but differs from them in one important aspect: it includes Monetary poverty (measured as having a daily consumption less than $1.90 in 2011 PPP) as one of the dimensions.
While monetary poverty is strongly correlated with deprivations in other domains, this correlation is far from perfect. The Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2020 (World Bank, 2020) report shows that over a third of those experiencing multidimensional poverty are not captured by the monetary headcount ratio, in line with the findings of the previous edition of the report (World Bank, 2018). A country’s MPM is at least as high as or higher than the monetary poverty, reflecting the
additional role of nonmonetary dimensions in increasing multidimensional poverty and their importance to general well-being.

FieldValue
Modified Date
2021-04-28
Release Date
Periodicity
Annual
Identifier
f72291f2-dd0b-40bd-ab93-c777aac569a5
Temporal Coverage

2014 - 2019

License
License Not Specified
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Public
Rating: 
0
No votes yet
Acronym: 
MPM
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Time Periods: 
April, 2021
Economy Coverage: 
GP & CCSAs: 
Number of Economies: 
124
Update Frequency: 
Is this dataset a subscription: 
No
Geographical Coverage: 
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
Start Date: 
Wednesday, January 1, 2014
End Date: 
Tuesday, December 31, 2019
EEC
Programatic Region: 
Release Date: 
Thursday, April 1, 2021
External Contact Email: 
Organization: 
World Bank
Statistical Concept and Methodology: 
https://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/poverty-and-shared-prosperity-2018
Modified date: 
99
Primary Dataset: 
Yes

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This dataset is licensed under CC-BY 4.0

CC-BY 4.0

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