Trade in Services Database

The Trade in Services Database provides information on annual bilateral services trade flows in Mode 1 (cross-border trade) and Mode 2 (consumption abroad) for 199 countries across a multitude of sectors and years spanning 1985 and 2011. The collection of data on cross-border trade in services is notoriously difficult, in large part due to the intangible nature of services but also the high capacity needed to record such data. This is particularly true for developing countries. This database tries to fill this gap by consolidating multiple sources of bilateral trade data in services using mirror techniques, including the OECD, Eurostat, UN and IMF, as to provide a broader coverage of developed and developing countries over time. Mirror-technique is a method to retrieve export trade flows of a reporter by using information on imports of the partner country. As a word of caution it should be added that the quality of trade data in services is still far away from being comparable to trade data for merchandise goods. Due to the long tradition of tariff revenues, trade data for goods have been collected with quite high quality and accuracy. Due to intangibility and non-storability of services, at-the-border-duties cannot be applied to services, thus having resulted in much weaker compilation practices with considerably less accuracy. Thus, services statistics has ample space for improvement in terms of measurement. In particular with respect to modes 3 and 4, measurement is up to date difficult and incomplete. Ongoing revisions and refinements of the BOP classification work towards solving these issues. As such, the Trade in Services Database should be seen in this light as the best currently available approximation to a comprehensive picture of global trade flows in services.

Acronym: 
TSD
Type: 
Time Series

Subscription

Subscription: 
Yes
Topics: 
Trade
Economy Coverage: 
Low Income
Languages Supported: 
English
Number of Economies: 
195
Geographical Coverage: 
World
WB Project ID: 
NA
Access Options:
Download
Temporal Coverage: 
1995 - 2011

Update Frequency

Update Frequency: 
Biannually
Release Date: 
February 3, 2015

Last Updated

Last Updated: 
February 3, 2015
Disclosure Risk: 
NA

No Visualizations Available.

The Trade in Services Database provides information on annual bilateral services trade flows in Mode 1 (cross-border trade) and Mode 2 (consumption abroad) for 199 countries across a multitude of sectors and years spanning 1985 and 2011. The collection of data on cross-border trade in services is notoriously difficult, in large part due to the intangible nature of services but also the high capacity needed to record such data. This is particularly true for developing countries. This database tries to fill this gap by consolidating multiple sources of bilateral trade data in services using mirror techniques, including the OECD, Eurostat, UN and IMF, as to provide a broader coverage of developed and developing countries over time. Mirror-technique is a method to retrieve export trade flows of a reporter by using information on imports of the partner country. As a word of caution it should be added that the quality of trade data in services is still far away from being comparable to trade data for merchandise goods. Due to the long tradition of tariff revenues, trade data for goods have been collected with quite high quality and accuracy. Due to intangibility and non-storability of services, at-the-border-duties cannot be applied to services, thus having resulted in much weaker compilation practices with considerably less accuracy. Thus, services statistics has ample space for improvement in terms of measurement. In particular with respect to modes 3 and 4, measurement is up to date difficult and incomplete. Ongoing revisions and refinements of the BOP classification work towards solving these issues. As such, the Trade in Services Database should be seen in this light as the best currently available approximation to a comprehensive picture of global trade flows in services.

Dataset Info

These fields are compatible with DCAT, an RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web.
FieldValue
Modified Date
2018-02-13
Release Date
December 31,1969
Periodicity
Annual
Identifier
90a34ea4-8a5c-11e6-ae22-56b6b64131
License
License Not Specified
Temporal Coverage
Temporal Coverage: 
1995 - 2011
Rating: 
0
No votes yet
Acronym: 
TSD
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Disclaimer: 
NA
Economy Coverage: 
Terms of Use: 
Number of Economies: 
195
Update Frequency: 
Disclosure Risk: 
NA
Is this dataset a subscription: 
Yes
Update Schedule: 
In the second quarter of every-other fiscal year.
Geographical Coverage: 
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
WB Project ID: 
NA
Translated Title: 
NA
Source Type: 
Start Date: 
Sunday, January 1, 1995
End Date: 
Saturday, January 1, 2011
GTC
Release Date: 
Tuesday, February 3, 2015
Last Updated Date: 
Tuesday, February 3, 2015
Granularity: 
Modified date: 
16469
Primary Dataset: 
Yes

Data Access and Licensing

This dataset is classified as Public under the Access to Information Classification Policy. Users inside and outside the Bank can access this dataset.

This dataset is licensed under CC-BY 4.0

CC-BY 4.0

Share Metadata

The information on this page (the dataset metadata) is also available in these formats.

PRINT EMAIL JSON RDF

via the DKAN API