Nepal - Agriculture and Food Security Project Impact Evaluation 2017, Endline Survey

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The Nepal Agriculture and Food Security Project (AFSP) aims to improve the livelihood of poor farmers by increasing agricultural output and improving nutritional practices. AFSP is funded by the Global Agriculture and Food Security Project (GAFSP), supervised by the World Bank, and implemented by the Ministries of Agricultural Development (MoAD) and Health (MoH). AFSP includes 19 districts1 of the mid- and far-western development regions of Nepal. It intends to benet 162,000 people living in hill and mountain areas of the country. According to the Project Appraisal Document (PAD), the Project Development Objective (PDO) is to enhance food and nutritional security of the targeted communities in select locations of Nepal. The project hypothesizes a link between this food security/nutrition and increased productivity of on-farm income from both cultivation of crops and rearing of livestock. Additional Results indicators for the project include: - Increase in the productivity of targeted crops - Increase in the yield of targeted livestock products - Increase in the proportion of pregnant and nursing mothers and children between 6-24 months' age adopting appropriate feeding practices. Following from these objectives, and the indicators laid out in the PAD, the IE was designed in order to capture both the direct targets of the project, as well as its envisioned mechanism pathways. These form the core outcomes measured and described in this report. In order to achieve its targets, AFSP consists of four components: 1. Technology Development and Adaptation 2. Technology Dissemination and Adoption (TDA) 3. Food and Nutrition Status Enhancement (FNSE) 4. Project Management The Impact Evaluation (IE) of AFSP concentrates on components 2 and 3. Component 2, TDA, aims to introduce farmers to new production and management methods for both crops and livestock in order to improve their yields and income using a Farmer Field Schools (FFS) approach. Component 3, FNSE, aims to improve feeding practices of young children and of pregnant women, primarily through Behavior Change Communication (BCC).

Type: 
Microdata
Acronym: 
AFSPIE 2017
Languages Supported: 
English
Topics: 
Topic not specified
Geographical Coverage: 
Nepal
Economy Coverage: 
Economy Coverage not specified
Release Date: 
March 5, 2020

Last Updated

Last Updated: 
March 5, 2020

Harvest System ID

Harvest System ID: 
Microdata

Harvest Source ID

Harvest Source ID: 
10969
Disclaimer: 
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Version Description: 
Version 01 (March 2020)
Publisher Name: 

Development Data Group; World Bank

Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 
Global Agriculture Food Security Program
Study Type: 
Impact Evaluation
Series Information: 
This is the third and final round of data collected towards the Impact Evaluation. The Baseline Survey was conducted in 2013 and the Midline Survey in 2016.
Universe: 
The endline survey followed up with households that were interviewed at the baseline, as well some of the additional households sampled during the midline survey, one year prior.
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
Paul Christian (Development Impact Evaluation (DIME)); The World Bank
Sampling Procedure: 
The AFSP project includes 10 VDCs in each of the 19 project districts. 8 of the 10 project VDCs were selected for the impact evaluation, along with 4 VDCs per district not receiving AFSP. There were a few exceptions to this 4 external controls per district "rule". Specifically, in 2 districts (Jajarkot, Dhadeldura) there were no suitable external controls found, so all 10 AFSP VDCs were surveyed. (For ex. in Dadeldhura there are only 20 VDCs, and KISAN was working in the 10 non-AFSP VDCs). In 2 districts (Pyuthan and Kalikot), all 10 AFSP VDCs plus 4 external controls were surveyed to 'make up' for surveying only 10 VDCs in Jajarkot and Dadeldhura, which serve as long-term controls. The AFSP Endline Survey was thus conducted in 228 VDCs. The endline survey followed up with households that were interviewed at the baseline, as well some of the additional households sampled during the midline survey, one year prior. Before conducting the baseline survey, the survey firm completed a household census in each VDC to identify households that meet eligibility criteria for AFSP interventions. The census included a list of questions on household composition, land and livestock ownership, and interest in participating in agricultural projects. The census data was used to establish eligibility for AFSP interventions, and to construct the sample frame for the IE. In each VDC, the team drew a random sample of 10 households to be tracked across the length of project implementation. The selection gave preference to households with young children, as they are most likely to benefit from both the nutrition and the agricultural interventions of AFSP. The household census and sampling were coordinated closely with the local officials responsible for forming AFSP groups to ensure that the sampled households were very likely to end up joining the groups.
Deviations from Sample Design: 
At baseline, 2280 household were surveyed, and this increased to 3157 households at midline. The sample was increased in 12 out of 19 districts to ensure that pregnant women and mothers of infants could be included in the sample since baseline households may not be guaranteed to have women with this profile. These 12 districts were purposefully chosen as the ones where Suaahara interventions had not yet expanded across the full district.
Questionnaires: 
The questionnaire focused on agricultural production and food security, and contained modules on housing, labor, education, health, income and expenditures, assets, and rural finance. The questionnaire is provided in English, available under the Documentation tab.
Data Collector(s) Name: 
Gogi Grewal
Supervision: 
The DIME team has been working closely with operational and program management staff from both the GoN and the World Bank (WB) from the inception of this IE. Throughout the IE process, the MoAD, MoHP, and WB teams are supported by a full-time DIME field coordinator based in Kathmandu who oversees day-to-day IE activities and ensures full communication across the various entities (research, operations and management).
Other Processing: 
The scope of the Endline Survey includes: Section A: Household Identification Section A, Part 1: Location Section A, Part 2: Verification Section A, Part 3: Date and Time of interview Section A, Part 4: Target Respondent Section B: Individual Identification Section B, Part 1: HH Roster Section B, Part 2: HH Labor Section C: Extension Section D: Agriculture Section D, Part 1: Plot Identification Section D, Part 2: Production Section D, Part 3: Ag Labor Section D, Part 4: Irrigation Section D, Part 5: Ag Inputs Section D, Part 6: Technologies Section E: Housing Section F: Assets, Income, Expenditures Section F, Part 1: Assets Section F, Part 2: Income Section F, Part 3: Expenditures Section F, Part 4: Food Consumption Section G: Farmer Groups Section H:Livestock and Poultry Section H, Part 1: Livestock Roster Section H, Part 2: Livestock Products Section I: Finances Section J: Kitchen Gardens Section K, Part 1: Dietary Diversity Section K, Part 2: Months of Inadequate Food Section K, Part 3: HH Hunger ScaKe Section N: Insurance
Access Authority Name, Affiliation, Email: 

World Bank

No Visualizations Available.

The use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include: - the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name); - the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation; - the survey reference number; - the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online).

The Nepal Agriculture and Food Security Project (AFSP) aims to improve the livelihood of poor farmers by increasing agricultural output and improving nutritional practices. AFSP is funded by the Global Agriculture and Food Security Project (GAFSP), supervised by the World Bank, and implemented by the Ministries of Agricultural Development (MoAD) and Health (MoH). AFSP includes 19 districts1 of the mid- and far-western development regions of Nepal. It intends to benet 162,000 people living in hill and mountain areas of the country. According to the Project Appraisal Document (PAD), the Project Development Objective (PDO) is to enhance food and nutritional security of the targeted communities in select locations of Nepal. The project hypothesizes a link between this food security/nutrition and increased productivity of on-farm income from both cultivation of crops and rearing of livestock. Additional Results indicators for the project include: - Increase in the productivity of targeted crops - Increase in the yield of targeted livestock products - Increase in the proportion of pregnant and nursing mothers and children between 6-24 months' age adopting appropriate feeding practices. Following from these objectives, and the indicators laid out in the PAD, the IE was designed in order to capture both the direct targets of the project, as well as its envisioned mechanism pathways. These form the core outcomes measured and described in this report. In order to achieve its targets, AFSP consists of four components: 1. Technology Development and Adaptation 2. Technology Dissemination and Adoption (TDA) 3. Food and Nutrition Status Enhancement (FNSE) 4. Project Management The Impact Evaluation (IE) of AFSP concentrates on components 2 and 3. Component 2, TDA, aims to introduce farmers to new production and management methods for both crops and livestock in order to improve their yields and income using a Farmer Field Schools (FFS) approach. Component 3, FNSE, aims to improve feeding practices of young children and of pregnant women, primarily through Behavior Change Communication (BCC).

FieldValue
Modified Date
2020-10-27
Release Date
Identifier
11cf99cb-2080-4a46-9f5a-c70ecfa2052d
License
License Not Specified
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Public
Rating: 
0
No votes yet
Acronym: 
AFSPIE 2017
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Access Authority Name, Affiliation, Email: 
World Bank
Disclaimer: 
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Supervision: 
The DIME team has been working closely with operational and program management staff from both the GoN and the World Bank (WB) from the inception of this IE. Throughout the IE process, the MoAD, MoHP, and WB teams are supported by a full-time DIME field coordinator based in Kathmandu who oversees day-to-day IE activities and ensures full communication across the various entities (research, operations and management).
Economy Coverage: 
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
Paul Christian (Development Impact Evaluation (DIME)); The World Bank
Publisher Name: 
Development Data Group; World Bank
Version Description: 
Version 01 (March 2020)
Subtitle: 
Endline Survey
Universe: 
The endline survey followed up with households that were interviewed at the baseline, as well some of the additional households sampled during the midline survey, one year prior.
Geographical Coverage: 
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
Series Information: 
This is the third and final round of data collected towards the Impact Evaluation. The Baseline Survey was conducted in 2013 and the Midline Survey in 2016.
Sampling Procedure: 
The AFSP project includes 10 VDCs in each of the 19 project districts. 8 of the 10 project VDCs were selected for the impact evaluation, along with 4 VDCs per district not receiving AFSP. There were a few exceptions to this 4 external controls per district "rule". Specifically, in 2 districts (Jajarkot, Dhadeldura) there were no suitable external controls found, so all 10 AFSP VDCs were surveyed. (For ex. in Dadeldhura there are only 20 VDCs, and KISAN was working in the 10 non-AFSP VDCs). In 2 districts (Pyuthan and Kalikot), all 10 AFSP VDCs plus 4 external controls were surveyed to 'make up' for surveying only 10 VDCs in Jajarkot and Dadeldhura, which serve as long-term controls. The AFSP Endline Survey was thus conducted in 228 VDCs. The endline survey followed up with households that were interviewed at the baseline, as well some of the additional households sampled during the midline survey, one year prior. Before conducting the baseline survey, the survey firm completed a household census in each VDC to identify households that meet eligibility criteria for AFSP interventions. The census included a list of questions on household composition, land and livestock ownership, and interest in participating in agricultural projects. The census data was used to establish eligibility for AFSP interventions, and to construct the sample frame for the IE. In each VDC, the team drew a random sample of 10 households to be tracked across the length of project implementation. The selection gave preference to households with young children, as they are most likely to benefit from both the nutrition and the agricultural interventions of AFSP. The household census and sampling were coordinated closely with the local officials responsible for forming AFSP groups to ensure that the sampled households were very likely to end up joining the groups.
Deviations from Sample Design: 
At baseline, 2280 household were surveyed, and this increased to 3157 households at midline. The sample was increased in 12 out of 19 districts to ensure that pregnant women and mothers of infants could be included in the sample since baseline households may not be guaranteed to have women with this profile. These 12 districts were purposefully chosen as the ones where Suaahara interventions had not yet expanded across the full district.
Release Date: 
Thursday, March 5, 2020
Last Updated Date: 
Thursday, March 5, 2020
Questionnaires: 
The questionnaire focused on agricultural production and food security, and contained modules on housing, labor, education, health, income and expenditures, assets, and rural finance. The questionnaire is provided in English, available under the Documentation tab.
Other Processing: 
The scope of the Endline Survey includes: Section A: Household Identification Section A, Part 1: Location Section A, Part 2: Verification Section A, Part 3: Date and Time of interview Section A, Part 4: Target Respondent Section B: Individual Identification Section B, Part 1: HH Roster Section B, Part 2: HH Labor Section C: Extension Section D: Agriculture Section D, Part 1: Plot Identification Section D, Part 2: Production Section D, Part 3: Ag Labor Section D, Part 4: Irrigation Section D, Part 5: Ag Inputs Section D, Part 6: Technologies Section E: Housing Section F: Assets, Income, Expenditures Section F, Part 1: Assets Section F, Part 2: Income Section F, Part 3: Expenditures Section F, Part 4: Food Consumption Section G: Farmer Groups Section H:Livestock and Poultry Section H, Part 1: Livestock Roster Section H, Part 2: Livestock Products Section I: Finances Section J: Kitchen Gardens Section K, Part 1: Dietary Diversity Section K, Part 2: Months of Inadequate Food Section K, Part 3: HH Hunger ScaKe Section N: Insurance
Harvest Source: 
Harvest System ID: 
10969
Citation Text: 
The use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include: - the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name); - the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation; - the survey reference number; - the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online).
Modified date: 
18326
Study Type: 
Impact Evaluation
Primary Dataset: 
Yes
Data Collector(s) Name: 

Gogi Grewal

Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 

Global Agriculture Food Security Program

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