Mauritius - Enterprise Survey 2009

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The objective of the survey is to obtain feedback from enterprises in client countries on the state of the private sector as well as to help in building a panel of enterprise data that will make it possible to track changes in the business environment over time, thus allowing, for example, impact assessments of reforms. Through interviews with firms in the manufacturing and services sectors, the survey assesses the constraints to private sector growth and creates statistically significant business environment indicators that are comparable across countries. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance. The mode of data collection is face-to-face interviews.

Type: 
Microdata
Acronym: 
ES 2009
Languages Supported: 
English
Topics: 
Topic not specified
Geographical Coverage: 
Mauritius
Release Date: 
September 29, 2011

Last Updated

Last Updated: 
September 24, 2013

Harvest System ID

Harvest System ID: 
Microdata

Harvest Source ID

Harvest Source ID: 
681
Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 
World Bank
Study Type: 
Enterprise Survey
Unit of Analysis: 
The primary sampling unit of the study is the establishment. An establishment is a physical location where business is carried out and where industrial operations take place or services are provided. A firm may be composed of one or more establishments. For example, a brewery may have several bottling plants and several establishments for distribution. For the purposes of this survey an establishment must make its own financial decisions and have its own financial statements separate from those of the firm. An establishment must also have its own management and control over its payroll.
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
World Bank
Sampling Procedure: 
For Mauritius, the sectors included in the sample by two-digit ISIC code are as follows: Manufacturing: 15, 18; Other Manufacturing: 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35 , 36, 37; Services: 52; Residual/Remainder/Other Services: 45, 50, 51, 55, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 72. The Enterprise Survey for Mauritius targeted 480 registered establishments with at least five employees, 120 registered establishments with one to four employees (micro), and 120 non-registered firms in the sectors defined above. The sampling for registered and non-registered establishments was implemented separately. In the Enterprise Surveys, the requirements for registration are defined on a country-by-country basis using the information collected by Doing Business and information from the in-countrycontractors. In Mauritius, the registration requirement used to differentiate the sample was registration with the Register of Companies. The sample for registered establishments in Mauritius was selected using stratified random sampling. Two levels of stratification were used in the Mauritius sample: firm sector and firm size. Industry stratification was designed as follows: the universe was stratified into three manufacturing industries (food, textiles, and other), one services industry (retail) and one residual sector. The initial sample design had a target of 240 interviews in manufacturing and 120 interviews each in the services and residual categories, though this sample design was later adjusted to reflect the low prevalence of manufacturing establishments in Mauritius. The initial sample design for micro targeted 120 establishments, 60 in manufacturing and 60 in services. The sample design for the informal survey was designed to mirror the micro sample. Size stratification was defined following the standardized definition used for the Enterprise Surveys: micro (1 to 4 employees), small (5 to 19 employees), medium (20 to 99 employees), and large (more than 99 employees). For stratification purposes, the number of employees was defined on the basis of reported permanent full-time workers. Given the stratified design, sample frames containing a complete and updated list of establishments as well as information on all stratification variables (number of employees, industry, and region) are required to draw the sample for the Enterprise Surveys. Two frames were used for the Mauritius Enterprise Survey. The first was a file of registered companies provided by the Central Statistical Office [CSO] in Mauritius updated to 2008. The second frame was supplied by the World Bank. It consisted of enterprises interviewed for Enterprise Survey (ES) in 2005. The World Bank required that attempts should be made to re-interview establishments responding to the 2005 survey where they were in the selected geographical regions and met eligibility criteria. That sample is referred to as the Panel. The quality of the frame was assessed at the onset of the project and was not immune from the typical problems found in establishment surveys: positive rates of non-eligibility, repetition, non-existent units, etc. Given the impact that non-eligible units included in the sample universe may have on the results, adjustments may be needed when computing the appropriate weights for individual observations. The percentage of confirmed non-eligible units as a proportion of the total number of sampled establishments contacted for the survey was 35.2% (1039 out of 2,950 establishments for the ES and micro samples, including panel establishments).
Response Rates: 
Complete information regarding the sampling methodology, sample frame, weights, response rates, and implementation can be found in "Description of Mauritius Implementation" in "Technical Documents" folder.
Questionnaires: 
The current survey instruments are available: - Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 15-37] - Core Questionnaire + Retail Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 52] - Core Questionnaire [ISIC Rev.3.1: 45, 50, 51, 55, 60-64, 72] - Screener Questionnaire. The “Core Questionnaire” is the heart of the Enterprise Survey and contains the survey questions asked of all firms across the world. There are also two other survey instruments - the “Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module” and the “Core Questionnaire + Retail Module.” The survey is fielded via three instruments in order to not ask questions that are irrelevant to specific types of firms, e.g. a question that relates to production and nonproduction workers should not be asked of a retail firm. In addition to questions that are asked across countries, all surveys are customized and contain country-specific questions. An example of customization would be including tourism-related questions that are asked in certain countries when tourism is an existing or potential sector of economic growth. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance.
Data Editing: 
Data entry and quality controls are implemented by the contractor and data is delivered to the World Bank in batches (typically 10%, 50% and 100%). These data deliveries are checked for logical consistency, out of range values, skip patterns, and duplicate entries. Problems are flagged by the World Bank and corrected by the implementing contractor through data checks, callbacks, and revisiting establishments.
Time Periods: 
August, 2017

No Visualizations Available.

Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group https://www.enterprisesurveys.org"

The objective of the survey is to obtain feedback from enterprises in client countries on the state of the private sector as well as to help in building a panel of enterprise data that will make it possible to track changes in the business environment over time, thus allowing, for example, impact assessments of reforms. Through interviews with firms in the manufacturing and services sectors, the survey assesses the constraints to private sector growth and creates statistically significant business environment indicators that are comparable across countries. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance. The mode of data collection is face-to-face interviews.

FieldValue
Modified Date
2020-03-27
Release Date
Identifier
0e7f815f-bed0-4895-8b5e-e59288f2b496
License
License Not Specified
Contact Email
Rating: 
0
No votes yet
Acronym: 
ES 2009
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Response Rates: 
Complete information regarding the sampling methodology, sample frame, weights, response rates, and implementation can be found in "Description of Mauritius Implementation" in "Technical Documents" folder.
Time Periods: 
August, 2017
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
World Bank
Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 
World Bank
Unit of Analysis: 
The primary sampling unit of the study is the establishment. An establishment is a physical location where business is carried out and where industrial operations take place or services are provided. A firm may be composed of one or more establishments. For example, a brewery may have several bottling plants and several establishments for distribution. For the purposes of this survey an establishment must make its own financial decisions and have its own financial statements separate from those of the firm. An establishment must also have its own management and control over its payroll.
Geographical Coverage: 
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
Sampling Procedure: 
For Mauritius, the sectors included in the sample by two-digit ISIC code are as follows: Manufacturing: 15, 18; Other Manufacturing: 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35 , 36, 37; Services: 52; Residual/Remainder/Other Services: 45, 50, 51, 55, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 72. The Enterprise Survey for Mauritius targeted 480 registered establishments with at least five employees, 120 registered establishments with one to four employees (micro), and 120 non-registered firms in the sectors defined above. The sampling for registered and non-registered establishments was implemented separately. In the Enterprise Surveys, the requirements for registration are defined on a country-by-country basis using the information collected by Doing Business and information from the in-countrycontractors. In Mauritius, the registration requirement used to differentiate the sample was registration with the Register of Companies. The sample for registered establishments in Mauritius was selected using stratified random sampling. Two levels of stratification were used in the Mauritius sample: firm sector and firm size. Industry stratification was designed as follows: the universe was stratified into three manufacturing industries (food, textiles, and other), one services industry (retail) and one residual sector. The initial sample design had a target of 240 interviews in manufacturing and 120 interviews each in the services and residual categories, though this sample design was later adjusted to reflect the low prevalence of manufacturing establishments in Mauritius. The initial sample design for micro targeted 120 establishments, 60 in manufacturing and 60 in services. The sample design for the informal survey was designed to mirror the micro sample. Size stratification was defined following the standardized definition used for the Enterprise Surveys: micro (1 to 4 employees), small (5 to 19 employees), medium (20 to 99 employees), and large (more than 99 employees). For stratification purposes, the number of employees was defined on the basis of reported permanent full-time workers. Given the stratified design, sample frames containing a complete and updated list of establishments as well as information on all stratification variables (number of employees, industry, and region) are required to draw the sample for the Enterprise Surveys. Two frames were used for the Mauritius Enterprise Survey. The first was a file of registered companies provided by the Central Statistical Office [CSO] in Mauritius updated to 2008. The second frame was supplied by the World Bank. It consisted of enterprises interviewed for Enterprise Survey (ES) in 2005. The World Bank required that attempts should be made to re-interview establishments responding to the 2005 survey where they were in the selected geographical regions and met eligibility criteria. That sample is referred to as the Panel. The quality of the frame was assessed at the onset of the project and was not immune from the typical problems found in establishment surveys: positive rates of non-eligibility, repetition, non-existent units, etc. Given the impact that non-eligible units included in the sample universe may have on the results, adjustments may be needed when computing the appropriate weights for individual observations. The percentage of confirmed non-eligible units as a proportion of the total number of sampled establishments contacted for the survey was 35.2% (1039 out of 2,950 establishments for the ES and micro samples, including panel establishments).
Release Date: 
Thursday, September 29, 2011
Last Updated Date: 
Tuesday, September 24, 2013
Questionnaires: 
The current survey instruments are available: - Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 15-37] - Core Questionnaire + Retail Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 52] - Core Questionnaire [ISIC Rev.3.1: 45, 50, 51, 55, 60-64, 72] - Screener Questionnaire. The “Core Questionnaire” is the heart of the Enterprise Survey and contains the survey questions asked of all firms across the world. There are also two other survey instruments - the “Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module” and the “Core Questionnaire + Retail Module.” The survey is fielded via three instruments in order to not ask questions that are irrelevant to specific types of firms, e.g. a question that relates to production and nonproduction workers should not be asked of a retail firm. In addition to questions that are asked across countries, all surveys are customized and contain country-specific questions. An example of customization would be including tourism-related questions that are asked in certain countries when tourism is an existing or potential sector of economic growth. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance.
Data Editing: 
Data entry and quality controls are implemented by the contractor and data is delivered to the World Bank in batches (typically 10%, 50% and 100%). These data deliveries are checked for logical consistency, out of range values, skip patterns, and duplicate entries. Problems are flagged by the World Bank and corrected by the implementing contractor through data checks, callbacks, and revisiting establishments.
Harvest Source: 
Harvest System ID: 
681
Citation Text: 
Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group https://www.enterprisesurveys.org"
Modified date: 
15972
Study Type: 
Enterprise Survey
Primary Dataset: 
Yes
Mode of Data Collection: 

Face-to-face

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