Jordan - Enterprise Survey 2013

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This survey was conducted in Jordan between May 2013 and January 2014. The survey was a joint initiative of the World Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the European Investment Bank (EIB). The Enterprise Surveys, through interviews with firms in the manufacturing and services sectors, capture business perceptions on the biggest obstacles to enterprise growth, the relative importance of various constraints to increasing employment and productivity, and the effects of a country's business environment on its international competitiveness. They are used to create statistically significant business environment indicators that are comparable across countries. The Enterprise Surveys are also used to build a panel of enterprise data that will make it possible to track changes in the business environment over time and allow, for example, impact assessments of reforms. In Jordan, data from 573 establishments was analyzed. Stratified random sampling was used to select the surveyed businesses. The survey topics include firm characteristics, information about sales and suppliers, competition, infrastructure services, judiciary and law enforcement collaboration, security, government policies, laws and regulations, financing, overall business environment, bribery, capacity utilization, performance and investment activities, and workforce composition.

Type: 
Microdata
Acronym: 
ES 2013
Languages Supported: 
English
Topics: 
Topic not specified
Geographical Coverage: 
Jordan
Release Date: 
September 16, 2014

Last Updated

Last Updated: 
December 28, 2015

Harvest System ID

Harvest System ID: 
Microdata

Harvest Source ID

Harvest Source ID: 
6753
Version Description: 
v02 (August 2015)- The coding for some observations for variables a3a, a3b, a3c, and a3 was revised after the exact location of establishments was reviewed. These variables cover location of the establishment and the location size. - Variables from Manufacturing Questionnaire - Innovation Module and Services Questionnaire - Innovation Module were added to the updated dataset. v02 of the datasets replaced v01, which was published in September 2014.
Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 
World Bank; European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; European Investment Bank
Study Type: 
Enterprise Survey
Unit of Analysis: 
The primary sampling unit of the study is the establishment. An establishment is a physical location where business is carried out and where industrial operations take place or services are provided. A firm may be composed of one or more establishments. For example, a brewery may have several bottling plants and several establishments for distribution. For the purposes of this survey an establishment must make its own financial decisions and have its own financial statements separate from those of the firm. An establishment must also have its own management and control over its payroll.
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
World Bank; European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; European Investment Bank
Sampling Procedure: 
The sample for Jordan was selected using stratified random sampling. Three levels of stratification were used in this country: industry, establishment size, and region. The universe was stratified into three manufacturing industries (food manufacturing, garment manufacturing, and other manufacturing), and two service industries (retail, and other services). Size stratification was defined following the standardized definition for the rollout: small (5 to 19 employees), medium (20 to 99 employees), and large (more than 99 employees). For stratification purposes, the number of employees was defined on the basis of reported permanent full-time workers. This seems to be an appropriate definition of the labor force since seasonal/casual/part-time employment is not common practice, except in the sectors of construction and agriculture. Regional stratification was defined in five regions (city and the surrounding business area) throughout Jordan. The five regions were Amman, Irbid, Zarqa, Aqaba, and Balqa. The sample frame used for the survey in Jordan was from several sources: the World Bank SME survey in Jordan, the Amman Chamber of Industry, the Amman Chamber of Commerce, the Irbid Chamber of Industry, the Irbid Chamber of Commerce, the Zarqa Chamber of Industry, the Zarqa Chamber of Commerce, the Aqaba Chamber of Industry, the Aqaba Chamber of Commerce, the Balqa Chamber of Industry, the Balqa Chamber of Commerce, and the Orbis database (Bureau van Dijk for the validation of large-sized firms). The enumerated establishments were then used as the frame for the selection of a sample with the aim of obtaining interviews at 600 establishments with five or more employees. Given the impact that non-eligible units included in the sample universe may have on the results, adjustments may be needed when computing the appropriate weights for individual observations. The percentage of confirmed non-eligible units as a proportion of the total number of sampled establishments contacted for the survey was 8.7 % (182 out of 2,104 establishments).
Response Rates: 
Survey non-response must be differentiated from item non-response. The former refers to refusals to participate in the survey altogether, while the latter refers to the refusals to answer some specific questions. Enterprise Surveys suffer from both problems and different strategies were used to address these issues. Item non-response was addressed by two strategies:a- For sensitive questions that may generate negative reactions from the respondent, such as corruption or tax evasion, enumerators were instructed to collect the refusal to respond as a different option from don’t know.b- Establishments with incomplete information were re-contacted in order to complete this information, whenever necessary.Survey non-response was addressed by maximizing efforts to contact establishments that were initially selected for interview. Attempts were made to contact the establishment for interview at different times/days of the week before a replacement establishment (with similar strata characteristics) was suggested for interview. Survey non-response did occur but substitutions were made in order to potentially achieve strata-specific goals.The number of realized interviews per contacted establishment was 0.27. This number is the result of two factors: explicit refusals to participate in the survey, as reflected by the rate of rejection (which includes rejections of the screener and the main survey) and the quality of the sample frame, as represented by the presence of ineligible units. The number of rejections per contact was 0.08.
Questionnaires: 
The following survey instruments are available: - Manufacturing Questionnaire; - Services Questionnaire.
Data Editing: 
Data entry and quality controls are implemented by the contractor and data is delivered to the World Bank in batches (typically 10%, 50% and 100%). These data deliveries are checked for logical consistency, out of range values, skip patterns, and duplicate entries. Problems are flagged by the World Bank and corrected by the implementing contractor through data checks, callbacks, and revisiting establishments.
Time Periods: 
August, 2017

No Visualizations Available.

The use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include: - the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name); - the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation; - the survey reference number; - the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online). Example: World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, European Investment Bank. Jordan Enterprise Survey (ES) 2013, Ref. JOR_2013_ES_v02_M. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].

This survey was conducted in Jordan between May 2013 and January 2014. The survey was a joint initiative of the World Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the European Investment Bank (EIB). The Enterprise Surveys, through interviews with firms in the manufacturing and services sectors, capture business perceptions on the biggest obstacles to enterprise growth, the relative importance of various constraints to increasing employment and productivity, and the effects of a country's business environment on its international competitiveness. They are used to create statistically significant business environment indicators that are comparable across countries. The Enterprise Surveys are also used to build a panel of enterprise data that will make it possible to track changes in the business environment over time and allow, for example, impact assessments of reforms. In Jordan, data from 573 establishments was analyzed. Stratified random sampling was used to select the surveyed businesses. The survey topics include firm characteristics, information about sales and suppliers, competition, infrastructure services, judiciary and law enforcement collaboration, security, government policies, laws and regulations, financing, overall business environment, bribery, capacity utilization, performance and investment activities, and workforce composition.

FieldValue
Modified Date
2020-04-15
Release Date
Identifier
1d60c04f-a6ff-4590-b7ed-79a2b8867582
License
License Not Specified
Contact Email
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No votes yet
Acronym: 
ES 2013
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Response Rates: 
Survey non-response must be differentiated from item non-response. The former refers to refusals to participate in the survey altogether, while the latter refers to the refusals to answer some specific questions. Enterprise Surveys suffer from both problems and different strategies were used to address these issues. Item non-response was addressed by two strategies:a- For sensitive questions that may generate negative reactions from the respondent, such as corruption or tax evasion, enumerators were instructed to collect the refusal to respond as a different option from don’t know.b- Establishments with incomplete information were re-contacted in order to complete this information, whenever necessary.Survey non-response was addressed by maximizing efforts to contact establishments that were initially selected for interview. Attempts were made to contact the establishment for interview at different times/days of the week before a replacement establishment (with similar strata characteristics) was suggested for interview. Survey non-response did occur but substitutions were made in order to potentially achieve strata-specific goals.The number of realized interviews per contacted establishment was 0.27. This number is the result of two factors: explicit refusals to participate in the survey, as reflected by the rate of rejection (which includes rejections of the screener and the main survey) and the quality of the sample frame, as represented by the presence of ineligible units. The number of rejections per contact was 0.08.
Time Periods: 
August, 2017
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
World Bank; European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; European Investment Bank
Version Description: 
v02 (August 2015)- The coding for some observations for variables a3a, a3b, a3c, and a3 was revised after the exact location of establishments was reviewed. These variables cover location of the establishment and the location size. - Variables from Manufacturing Questionnaire - Innovation Module and Services Questionnaire - Innovation Module were added to the updated dataset. v02 of the datasets replaced v01, which was published in September 2014.
Unit of Analysis: 
The primary sampling unit of the study is the establishment. An establishment is a physical location where business is carried out and where industrial operations take place or services are provided. A firm may be composed of one or more establishments. For example, a brewery may have several bottling plants and several establishments for distribution. For the purposes of this survey an establishment must make its own financial decisions and have its own financial statements separate from those of the firm. An establishment must also have its own management and control over its payroll.
Geographical Coverage: 
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
Sampling Procedure: 
The sample for Jordan was selected using stratified random sampling. Three levels of stratification were used in this country: industry, establishment size, and region. The universe was stratified into three manufacturing industries (food manufacturing, garment manufacturing, and other manufacturing), and two service industries (retail, and other services). Size stratification was defined following the standardized definition for the rollout: small (5 to 19 employees), medium (20 to 99 employees), and large (more than 99 employees). For stratification purposes, the number of employees was defined on the basis of reported permanent full-time workers. This seems to be an appropriate definition of the labor force since seasonal/casual/part-time employment is not common practice, except in the sectors of construction and agriculture. Regional stratification was defined in five regions (city and the surrounding business area) throughout Jordan. The five regions were Amman, Irbid, Zarqa, Aqaba, and Balqa. The sample frame used for the survey in Jordan was from several sources: the World Bank SME survey in Jordan, the Amman Chamber of Industry, the Amman Chamber of Commerce, the Irbid Chamber of Industry, the Irbid Chamber of Commerce, the Zarqa Chamber of Industry, the Zarqa Chamber of Commerce, the Aqaba Chamber of Industry, the Aqaba Chamber of Commerce, the Balqa Chamber of Industry, the Balqa Chamber of Commerce, and the Orbis database (Bureau van Dijk for the validation of large-sized firms). The enumerated establishments were then used as the frame for the selection of a sample with the aim of obtaining interviews at 600 establishments with five or more employees. Given the impact that non-eligible units included in the sample universe may have on the results, adjustments may be needed when computing the appropriate weights for individual observations. The percentage of confirmed non-eligible units as a proportion of the total number of sampled establishments contacted for the survey was 8.7 % (182 out of 2,104 establishments).
Release Date: 
Tuesday, September 16, 2014
Last Updated Date: 
Monday, December 28, 2015
Questionnaires: 
The following survey instruments are available: - Manufacturing Questionnaire; - Services Questionnaire.
Data Editing: 
Data entry and quality controls are implemented by the contractor and data is delivered to the World Bank in batches (typically 10%, 50% and 100%). These data deliveries are checked for logical consistency, out of range values, skip patterns, and duplicate entries. Problems are flagged by the World Bank and corrected by the implementing contractor through data checks, callbacks, and revisiting establishments.
Harvest Source: 
Harvest System ID: 
6753
Citation Text: 
The use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include: - the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name); - the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation; - the survey reference number; - the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online). Example: World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, European Investment Bank. Jordan Enterprise Survey (ES) 2013, Ref. JOR_2013_ES_v02_M. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Modified date: 
16797
Study Type: 
Enterprise Survey
Primary Dataset: 
Yes
Mode of Data Collection: 

Face-to-face

Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 

World Bank; European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; European Investment Bank

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