Croatia - Enterprise Survey 2009

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The objective of the survey is to obtain feedback from enterprises in client countries on the state of the private sector as well as to help in building a panel of enterprise data that will make it possible to track changes in the business environment over time, thus allowing, for example, impact assessments of reforms. Through interviews with firms in the manufacturing and services sectors, the survey assesses the constraints to private sector growth and creates statistically significant business environment indicators that are comparable across countries. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance. The mode of data collection is face-to-face interviews.

Type: 
Microdata
Acronym: 
ES 2009
Languages Supported: 
English
Topics: 
Topic not specified
Geographical Coverage: 
Croatia
Economy Coverage: 
Economy Coverage not specified
Release Date: 
September 29, 2011

Last Updated

Last Updated: 
July 20, 2019

Harvest System ID

Harvest System ID: 
Microdata

Harvest Source ID

Harvest Source ID: 
552
Disclaimer: 
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Version Description: 
Version 01
Publisher Name: 

Antonina Redko

Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 
World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Study Type: 
Enterprise Survey [en/oth]
Series Information: 
Firm-level surveys have been conducted since 1998 by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit. Earlier data from differing survey instruments have been matched to an older standard instrument for dissemination on the website. This survey is part of the fourth round of the Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS IV), a joint initiative of the World Bank Group ("WB") and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development ("EBRD"). This study is an enterprise survey whose objective is to gain an understanding of firms' perception of the environment in which they operate. The survey was until now administered three times at three years interval. This has added an important element of dynamics in the study of business environment in transition countries. The 2008 survey was restructured to improve cross-country comparability and to make it compatible with the Enterprise Surveys the Enterprise Analysis Unit of the World Bank has been implementing in the past two years in other regions of the world.
Universe: 
The manufacturing and services sectors are the primary business sectors of interest. This corresponds to firms classified with International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) codes 15-37, 45, 50-52, 55, 60-64, and 72 (ISIC Rev.3.1). Formal (registered) companies with 5 or more employees are targeted for interview. Services firms include construction, retail, wholesale, hotels, restaurants, transport, storage, communications, and IT. Firms with 100% government/state ownership are not eligible to participate in an Enterprise Survey.
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Sampling Procedure: 
The sample for Croatia was selected using stratified random sampling. Three levels of stratification were used in this country: industry, establishment size, and oblast (region). Industry stratification was designed in the way that follows: the universe was stratified into manufacturing industries, services industries, and one residual (core) sector. Each industry had a target of 90 interviews. For the manufacturing industries and residual sample sizes were deflated by about 22%. For the service industries, sample sizes were deflated by about 67% to account for under sampling in firms in service industries. Size stratification was defined following the standardized definition for the rollout: small (5 to 19 employees), medium (20 to 99 employees), and large (more than 99 employees). For stratification purposes, the number of employees was defined on the basis of reported permanent full-time workers. This seems to be an appropriate definition of the labor force since seasonal/casual/part-time employment is not a common practice, except in the sectors of construction and agriculture. Regional stratification was defined in 7 regions. These regions are Zagreb, North Croatia, Slavonia, Lika & Banovina, Hrvatsko primorje i Istra, and Dalmatia. The Croatia sample contains panel data. The wave panels "Investment Climate Private Enterprise Survey implemented in Croatia" consisted of 236 establishments interviewed in 2005, and 633 establishments interviewed in 2007. A total of 106 establishments have been re-interviewed in the 2008 Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (with 50 establishments in 2005 and 56 establishments in 2007). Given the stratified design, sample frames containing a complete and updated list of establishments for the selected regions were required. Great efforts were made to obtain the best source for these listings. However, the quality of the sample frames was not optimal and, therefore, some adjustments were needed to correct for the presence of ineligible units. These adjustments are reflected in the weights computation. The source of the sample frame was Statistical Office of the Croatia - 2007- Organization database. The quality of the frame was assessed at the onset of the project. The frame proved to be useful though it showed positive rates of non-eligibility, repetition, non-existent units, etc. These problems are typical of establishment surveys, but given the impact these inaccuracies may have on the results, adjustments were needed when computing the appropriate weights for individual observations. The percentage of confirmed non-eligible units as a proportion of the total number of contacts to complete the survey was 35.2% (412 out of 1171 establishments).
Response Rates: 
Complete information regarding the sampling methodology, sample frame, weights, response rates, and implementation can be found in the document "Description of Croatia Implementation 2009.pdf"
Weighting: 
For some units it was impossible to determine eligibility because the contact was not successfully completed. Consequently, different assumptions as to their eligibility result in different universe cells' adjustments and in different sampling weights. Three sets of assumptions were considered: a- Strict assumption: eligible establishments are only those for which it was possible to directly determine eligibility. The resulting weights are included in the variable wstrict. b- Median assumption: eligible establishments are those for which it was possible to directly determine eligibility and those that rejected the screener questionnaire or an answering machine or fax was the only response. The resulting weights are included in the variable wmedian. Median weights are used for computing indicators on the www.enterprisesurveys.org website. c- Weak assumption: in addition to the establishments included in points a and b, all establishments for which it was not possible to finalize a contact are assumed eligible. This includes establishments with dead or out of service phone lines, establishments that never answered the phone, and establishments with incorrect addresses for which it was impossible to find a new address. The resulting weights are included in the variable wweak. Note that under the weak assumption only observed non-eligible units are excluded from universe projections.
Questionnaires: 
The current survey instruments are available: - Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 15-37] - Core Questionnaire + Retail Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 52] - Core Questionnaire [ISIC Rev.3.1: 45, 50, 51, 55, 60-64, 72] - Screener Questionnaire. The “Core Questionnaire” is the heart of the Enterprise Survey and contains the survey questions asked of all firms across the world. There are also two other survey instruments - the “Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module” and the “Core Questionnaire + Retail Module.” The survey is fielded via three instruments in order to not ask questions that are irrelevant to specific types of firms, e.g. a question that relates to production and nonproduction workers should not be asked of a retail firm. In addition to questions that are asked across countries, all surveys are customized and contain country-specific questions. An example of customization would be including tourism-related questions that are asked in certain countries when tourism is an existing or potential sector of economic growth. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance.
Data Collector(s) Name: 
Puls d.o.o.
Supervision: 
Complete information regarding the sampling methodology, sample frame, weights, response rates, and implementation can be found in the document "Description of Croatia implementation 2009.pdf"
Data Editing: 
Data entry and quality controls are implemented by the contractor and data is delivered to the World Bank in batches (typically 10%, 50% and 100%). These data deliveries are checked for logical consistency, out of range values, skip patterns, and duplicate entries. Problems are flagged by the World Bank and corrected by the implementing contractor through data checks, callbacks, and revisiting establishments.
Time Periods: 
August, 2017

No Visualizations Available.

Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group https://www.enterprisesurveys.org"

The objective of the survey is to obtain feedback from enterprises in client countries on the state of the private sector as well as to help in building a panel of enterprise data that will make it possible to track changes in the business environment over time, thus allowing, for example, impact assessments of reforms. Through interviews with firms in the manufacturing and services sectors, the survey assesses the constraints to private sector growth and creates statistically significant business environment indicators that are comparable across countries. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance. The mode of data collection is face-to-face interviews.

FieldValue
Modified Date
2019-09-04
Release Date
Identifier
a065c824-abe3-44b4-81b7-d222d180b5a5
License
License Not Specified
Contact Email
Rating: 
0
No votes yet
Acronym: 
ES 2009
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Disclaimer: 
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Response Rates: 
Complete information regarding the sampling methodology, sample frame, weights, response rates, and implementation can be found in the document "Description of Croatia Implementation 2009.pdf"
Weighting: 
For some units it was impossible to determine eligibility because the contact was not successfully completed. Consequently, different assumptions as to their eligibility result in different universe cells' adjustments and in different sampling weights. Three sets of assumptions were considered: a- Strict assumption: eligible establishments are only those for which it was possible to directly determine eligibility. The resulting weights are included in the variable wstrict. b- Median assumption: eligible establishments are those for which it was possible to directly determine eligibility and those that rejected the screener questionnaire or an answering machine or fax was the only response. The resulting weights are included in the variable wmedian. Median weights are used for computing indicators on the www.enterprisesurveys.org website. c- Weak assumption: in addition to the establishments included in points a and b, all establishments for which it was not possible to finalize a contact are assumed eligible. This includes establishments with dead or out of service phone lines, establishments that never answered the phone, and establishments with incorrect addresses for which it was impossible to find a new address. The resulting weights are included in the variable wweak. Note that under the weak assumption only observed non-eligible units are excluded from universe projections.
Time Periods: 
August, 2017
Supervision: 
Complete information regarding the sampling methodology, sample frame, weights, response rates, and implementation can be found in the document "Description of Croatia implementation 2009.pdf"
Economy Coverage: 
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Publisher Name: 
Antonina Redko
Version Description: 
Version 01
Universe: 
The manufacturing and services sectors are the primary business sectors of interest. This corresponds to firms classified with International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) codes 15-37, 45, 50-52, 55, 60-64, and 72 (ISIC Rev.3.1). Formal (registered) companies with 5 or more employees are targeted for interview. Services firms include construction, retail, wholesale, hotels, restaurants, transport, storage, communications, and IT. Firms with 100% government/state ownership are not eligible to participate in an Enterprise Survey.
Geographical Coverage: 
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
Series Information: 
Firm-level surveys have been conducted since 1998 by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit. Earlier data from differing survey instruments have been matched to an older standard instrument for dissemination on the website. This survey is part of the fourth round of the Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS IV), a joint initiative of the World Bank Group ("WB") and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development ("EBRD"). This study is an enterprise survey whose objective is to gain an understanding of firms' perception of the environment in which they operate. The survey was until now administered three times at three years interval. This has added an important element of dynamics in the study of business environment in transition countries. The 2008 survey was restructured to improve cross-country comparability and to make it compatible with the Enterprise Surveys the Enterprise Analysis Unit of the World Bank has been implementing in the past two years in other regions of the world.
Sampling Procedure: 
The sample for Croatia was selected using stratified random sampling. Three levels of stratification were used in this country: industry, establishment size, and oblast (region). Industry stratification was designed in the way that follows: the universe was stratified into manufacturing industries, services industries, and one residual (core) sector. Each industry had a target of 90 interviews. For the manufacturing industries and residual sample sizes were deflated by about 22%. For the service industries, sample sizes were deflated by about 67% to account for under sampling in firms in service industries. Size stratification was defined following the standardized definition for the rollout: small (5 to 19 employees), medium (20 to 99 employees), and large (more than 99 employees). For stratification purposes, the number of employees was defined on the basis of reported permanent full-time workers. This seems to be an appropriate definition of the labor force since seasonal/casual/part-time employment is not a common practice, except in the sectors of construction and agriculture. Regional stratification was defined in 7 regions. These regions are Zagreb, North Croatia, Slavonia, Lika & Banovina, Hrvatsko primorje i Istra, and Dalmatia. The Croatia sample contains panel data. The wave panels "Investment Climate Private Enterprise Survey implemented in Croatia" consisted of 236 establishments interviewed in 2005, and 633 establishments interviewed in 2007. A total of 106 establishments have been re-interviewed in the 2008 Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (with 50 establishments in 2005 and 56 establishments in 2007). Given the stratified design, sample frames containing a complete and updated list of establishments for the selected regions were required. Great efforts were made to obtain the best source for these listings. However, the quality of the sample frames was not optimal and, therefore, some adjustments were needed to correct for the presence of ineligible units. These adjustments are reflected in the weights computation. The source of the sample frame was Statistical Office of the Croatia - 2007- Organization database. The quality of the frame was assessed at the onset of the project. The frame proved to be useful though it showed positive rates of non-eligibility, repetition, non-existent units, etc. These problems are typical of establishment surveys, but given the impact these inaccuracies may have on the results, adjustments were needed when computing the appropriate weights for individual observations. The percentage of confirmed non-eligible units as a proportion of the total number of contacts to complete the survey was 35.2% (412 out of 1171 establishments).
Release Date: 
Thursday, September 29, 2011
Last Updated Date: 
Saturday, July 20, 2019
Questionnaires: 
The current survey instruments are available: - Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 15-37] - Core Questionnaire + Retail Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 52] - Core Questionnaire [ISIC Rev.3.1: 45, 50, 51, 55, 60-64, 72] - Screener Questionnaire. The “Core Questionnaire” is the heart of the Enterprise Survey and contains the survey questions asked of all firms across the world. There are also two other survey instruments - the “Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module” and the “Core Questionnaire + Retail Module.” The survey is fielded via three instruments in order to not ask questions that are irrelevant to specific types of firms, e.g. a question that relates to production and nonproduction workers should not be asked of a retail firm. In addition to questions that are asked across countries, all surveys are customized and contain country-specific questions. An example of customization would be including tourism-related questions that are asked in certain countries when tourism is an existing or potential sector of economic growth. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance.
Data Editing: 
Data entry and quality controls are implemented by the contractor and data is delivered to the World Bank in batches (typically 10%, 50% and 100%). These data deliveries are checked for logical consistency, out of range values, skip patterns, and duplicate entries. Problems are flagged by the World Bank and corrected by the implementing contractor through data checks, callbacks, and revisiting establishments.
Harvest Source: 
Harvest System ID: 
552
Citation Text: 
Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group https://www.enterprisesurveys.org"
Modified date: 
18097
Study Type: 
Enterprise Survey [en/oth]
Primary Dataset: 
Yes
Mode of Data Collection: 

Face-to-face

Data Collector(s) Name: 

Puls d.o.o.

Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 

World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

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