Costa Rica - Enterprise Survey 2010

Primary tabs

This research was conducted in Costa Rica between July 2010 and June 2011 as part of the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) Enterprise Survey 2010, an initiative of the World Bank. Data from 538 establishments was analyzed. Stratified random sampling was used to select the surveyed businesses. The objective of the study is to obtain feedback from enterprises in client countries on the state of the private sector as well as to help in building a panel of enterprise data that will make it possible to track changes in the business environment over time, thus allowing, for example, impact assessments of reforms. Through face-to-face interviews with firms in the manufacturing and services sectors, the survey assesses the constraints to private sector growth and creates statistically significant business environment indicators that are comparable across countries. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance.

Type: 
Microdata
Acronym: 
ES 2010
Languages Supported: 
English
Topics: 
Topic not specified
Geographical Coverage: 
Costa Rica
Release Date: 
November 21, 2012

Last Updated

Last Updated: 
September 24, 2013

Harvest System ID

Harvest System ID: 
Microdata

Harvest Source ID

Harvest Source ID: 
2690
Version Description: 
Version 01
Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 
World Bank
Study Type: 
Enterprise Survey
Unit of Analysis: 
The primary sampling unit of the study is the establishment. An establishment is a physical location where business is carried out and where industrial operations take place or services are provided. A firm may be composed of one or more establishments. For example, a brewery may have several bottling plants and several establishments for distribution. For the purposes of this survey an establishment must make its own financial decisions and have its own financial statements separate from those of the firm. An establishment must also have its own management and control over its payroll.
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
World Bank
Sampling Procedure: 
The study was conducted using stratified random sampling. Three levels of stratification were used in the sample: firm sector, firm size, and geographic region. Industry stratification was designed in the way that follows: the universe was stratified into three manufacturing industries (ISIC codes 15, 26-29, and Other Manufacturing), two service industry (retail and hotels/restaurants), and one residual services sector. Each of the manufacturing industries and the retail sector had a target of 120 interviews. Hotels, restaurants and other services had a target of 60 interviews each. Size stratification was defined following the standardized definition for the Enterprise Surveys: small (5 to 19 employees), medium (20 to 99 employees), and large (more than 99 employees). For stratification purposes, the number of employees was defined on the basis of reported permanent full-time workers. This seems to be an appropriate definition of the labor force since seasonal/casual/part-time employment is not a common practice, except in the sectors of construction and agriculture. Regional stratification was defined in two locations (city and the surrounding business area): San Jose and Central Valley and the rest of the country. For Costa Rica, two sample frames were used. The first was supplied by the World Bank and consists of enterprises interviewed in Costa Rica in 2006. The World Bank required that attempts should be made to re-interview establishments responding to the Costa Rica 2006 survey where they were within the selected geographical locations and met eligibility criteria. That sample is referred to as the Panel. The second sample frame was produced from the Census of businesses and commercial establishments from 2010 created by the National Institute of Statistics (INEC). The two sample frames were then used to get a sample of 600 establishments with five or more employees. The quality of the frame was assessed at the outset of the project through visits to a random subset of firms and local contractor knowledge. The sample frame was not immune from the typical problems found in establishment surveys: positive rates of non-eligibility, repetition, non-existent units, etc. In addition, the sample frame contains no telephone/fax numbers so the local contractor had to screen the contacts by visiting them. Due to response rate and ineligibility issues, additional sample had to be extracted by the World Bank in order to obtain enough eligible contacts and meet the sample targets. Given the impact that non-eligible units included in the sample universe may have on the results, adjustments may be needed when computing the appropriate weights for individual observations. The percentage of confirmed non-eligible units as a proportion of the total number of sampled establishments contacted for the survey was 5.69% (88 out of 1546 establishments).
Response Rates: 
The number of realized interviews per contacted establishment was 0.35. The estimate is based on the total number of firms contacted including ineligible establishments. This number is the result of two factors: explicit refusals to participate in the survey, as reflected by the rate of rejection (which includes rejections of the screener and the main survey) and the quality of the sample frame, as represented by the presence of ineligible units. The number of rejections per contact was 0.45. Complete information regarding the sampling methodology, sample frame, weights, response rates, and implementation can be found in "Description of Costa Rica ES 2010 Implementation" in external resources.
Questionnaires: 
The current survey instruments are available: - Core Questionnaire [ISIC Rev.3.1: 45, 50, 51, 52, 55, 60-64, 72]; - Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 15-37]; - Core Questionnaire + Retail Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 52]; - Screener Questionnaire. The "Core Questionnaire" is the heart of the Enterprise Survey and contains the survey questions asked of all firms across the world. There are also two other survey instruments - the "Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module" and the "Core Questionnaire + Retail Module." The survey is fielded via three instruments in order to not ask questions that are irrelevant to specific types of firms, e.g. a question that relates to production and nonproduction workers should not be asked of a retail firm. In addition to questions that are asked across countries, all surveys are customized and contain country-specific questions. An example of customization would be including tourism-related questions that are asked in certain countries when tourism is an existing or potential sector of economic growth. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. The questionnaire also assesses the survey respondents' opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance.
Data Editing: 
Data entry and quality controls are implemented by the contractor and data is delivered to the World Bank in batches (typically 10%, 50% and 100%). These data deliveries are checked for logical consistency, out of range values, skip patterns, and duplicate entries. Problems are flagged by the World Bank and corrected by the implementing contractor through data checks, callbacks, and revisiting establishments.
Time Periods: 
August, 2017

No Visualizations Available.

The use of this dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include: - the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name) - the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation - the survey reference number - the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online). Example: The World Bank. Costa Rica Enterprise Survey (ES) 2010, Ref. CRI_2010_ES_v01_M_WB. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].

This research was conducted in Costa Rica between July 2010 and June 2011 as part of the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) Enterprise Survey 2010, an initiative of the World Bank. Data from 538 establishments was analyzed. Stratified random sampling was used to select the surveyed businesses. The objective of the study is to obtain feedback from enterprises in client countries on the state of the private sector as well as to help in building a panel of enterprise data that will make it possible to track changes in the business environment over time, thus allowing, for example, impact assessments of reforms. Through face-to-face interviews with firms in the manufacturing and services sectors, the survey assesses the constraints to private sector growth and creates statistically significant business environment indicators that are comparable across countries. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance.

FieldValue
Modified Date
2020-04-15
Release Date
Identifier
a73a6251-c464-4520-82ba-762fb997db5f
License
License Not Specified
Contact Email
Rating: 
0
No votes yet
Acronym: 
ES 2010
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Response Rates: 
The number of realized interviews per contacted establishment was 0.35. The estimate is based on the total number of firms contacted including ineligible establishments. This number is the result of two factors: explicit refusals to participate in the survey, as reflected by the rate of rejection (which includes rejections of the screener and the main survey) and the quality of the sample frame, as represented by the presence of ineligible units. The number of rejections per contact was 0.45. Complete information regarding the sampling methodology, sample frame, weights, response rates, and implementation can be found in "Description of Costa Rica ES 2010 Implementation" in external resources.
Time Periods: 
August, 2017
Primary Investigator Name, Affiliation: 
World Bank
Version Description: 
Version 01
Unit of Analysis: 
The primary sampling unit of the study is the establishment. An establishment is a physical location where business is carried out and where industrial operations take place or services are provided. A firm may be composed of one or more establishments. For example, a brewery may have several bottling plants and several establishments for distribution. For the purposes of this survey an establishment must make its own financial decisions and have its own financial statements separate from those of the firm. An establishment must also have its own management and control over its payroll.
Geographical Coverage: 
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
Sampling Procedure: 
The study was conducted using stratified random sampling. Three levels of stratification were used in the sample: firm sector, firm size, and geographic region. Industry stratification was designed in the way that follows: the universe was stratified into three manufacturing industries (ISIC codes 15, 26-29, and Other Manufacturing), two service industry (retail and hotels/restaurants), and one residual services sector. Each of the manufacturing industries and the retail sector had a target of 120 interviews. Hotels, restaurants and other services had a target of 60 interviews each. Size stratification was defined following the standardized definition for the Enterprise Surveys: small (5 to 19 employees), medium (20 to 99 employees), and large (more than 99 employees). For stratification purposes, the number of employees was defined on the basis of reported permanent full-time workers. This seems to be an appropriate definition of the labor force since seasonal/casual/part-time employment is not a common practice, except in the sectors of construction and agriculture. Regional stratification was defined in two locations (city and the surrounding business area): San Jose and Central Valley and the rest of the country. For Costa Rica, two sample frames were used. The first was supplied by the World Bank and consists of enterprises interviewed in Costa Rica in 2006. The World Bank required that attempts should be made to re-interview establishments responding to the Costa Rica 2006 survey where they were within the selected geographical locations and met eligibility criteria. That sample is referred to as the Panel. The second sample frame was produced from the Census of businesses and commercial establishments from 2010 created by the National Institute of Statistics (INEC). The two sample frames were then used to get a sample of 600 establishments with five or more employees. The quality of the frame was assessed at the outset of the project through visits to a random subset of firms and local contractor knowledge. The sample frame was not immune from the typical problems found in establishment surveys: positive rates of non-eligibility, repetition, non-existent units, etc. In addition, the sample frame contains no telephone/fax numbers so the local contractor had to screen the contacts by visiting them. Due to response rate and ineligibility issues, additional sample had to be extracted by the World Bank in order to obtain enough eligible contacts and meet the sample targets. Given the impact that non-eligible units included in the sample universe may have on the results, adjustments may be needed when computing the appropriate weights for individual observations. The percentage of confirmed non-eligible units as a proportion of the total number of sampled establishments contacted for the survey was 5.69% (88 out of 1546 establishments).
Release Date: 
Wednesday, November 21, 2012
Last Updated Date: 
Tuesday, September 24, 2013
Questionnaires: 
The current survey instruments are available: - Core Questionnaire [ISIC Rev.3.1: 45, 50, 51, 52, 55, 60-64, 72]; - Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 15-37]; - Core Questionnaire + Retail Module [ISIC Rev.3.1: 52]; - Screener Questionnaire. The "Core Questionnaire" is the heart of the Enterprise Survey and contains the survey questions asked of all firms across the world. There are also two other survey instruments - the "Core Questionnaire + Manufacturing Module" and the "Core Questionnaire + Retail Module." The survey is fielded via three instruments in order to not ask questions that are irrelevant to specific types of firms, e.g. a question that relates to production and nonproduction workers should not be asked of a retail firm. In addition to questions that are asked across countries, all surveys are customized and contain country-specific questions. An example of customization would be including tourism-related questions that are asked in certain countries when tourism is an existing or potential sector of economic growth. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. The questionnaire also assesses the survey respondents' opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance.
Data Editing: 
Data entry and quality controls are implemented by the contractor and data is delivered to the World Bank in batches (typically 10%, 50% and 100%). These data deliveries are checked for logical consistency, out of range values, skip patterns, and duplicate entries. Problems are flagged by the World Bank and corrected by the implementing contractor through data checks, callbacks, and revisiting establishments.
Harvest Source: 
Harvest System ID: 
2690
Citation Text: 
The use of this dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include: - the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name) - the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation - the survey reference number - the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online). Example: The World Bank. Costa Rica Enterprise Survey (ES) 2010, Ref. CRI_2010_ES_v01_M_WB. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Modified date: 
15972
Study Type: 
Enterprise Survey
Primary Dataset: 
Yes
Mode of Data Collection: 

Face-to-face

Funding Name, Abbreviation, Role: 

World Bank

Data Access and Licensing

This dataset is classified as Public under the Access to Information Classification Policy. Users inside and outside the Bank can access this dataset.

This dataset is available from an external third-party website. Visit the website to obtain license information. More information

Share Metadata

The information on this page (the dataset metadata) is also available in these formats.

PRINT EMAIL JSON RDF