Cities in Europe and Central Asia : A Shifting Story of Urban Growth and Decline Database

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This research, designed by the World Bank, and supported by the Department for International Development (DFID), aims to highlight the unprecedented transformation of the urban systems in the ECA region in the last decades, and to look at this shifts from the demographic, economic, and spatial prospectives.

Cities in ECA database comprises data from 5,549 cities in 15 countries of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region, as defined by the World Bank Group, and from the United Kingdom and Germany. Database information for each city is in three dimensions: demographic, spatial, and economic.

The starting point to construct the Cities in ECA database was to obtain from each of the countries the list of official cities and these cities' population data. Population data collected for cities falls on or around three years: 1989, 1999, and 2010 (or the latest year available). The official list of "cities" was geo-referenced and overlaid with globally-available spatial data to produce city-level indicators capturing spatial characteristics (e.g., urban footprint) and proxies for economic activity. City-level spatial characteristics, including urban footprints (or extents) for the years 1996, 2000, and 2010 and their temporal evolution, were obtained from the Global Nighttime Lights (NTL) dataset. City-level proxies for economic activity were also estimated based on the NTL dataset. Nighttime Lights (NLS) data is produced by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) - Optical Line Scanner (OLS) database and maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Type: 
Geospatial
Topics: 
Urban Development
Economy Coverage: 
Blend
High Income
IBRD
IDA
Lower Middle Income
Upper Middle Income
Languages Supported: 
English
Number of Economies: 
17
Geographical Coverage: 
Europe & Central Asia
Albania
Belarus
Bulgaria
Georgia
Germany
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Serbia
Tajikistan
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Release Date: 
November 16, 2017

Last Updated

Last Updated: 
May 30, 2017
Organization: 
World Bank
Data Notes: 
The Cities in ECA database also includes several variables which result from the intersection of other globally-available spatial data and the location of cities, or which further qualify cities' characteristics - based on their institutional or economic structure-using official data. Below is a description of some of these variables: - Location fundamentals refer to a series of spatially-concentrated characteristics, which can support the concentration of population and economic activities. These could include natural advantages supporting the development of agricultural activities or spatial characteristics supporting the development of commercial activities-such as having access to navigable waterways. The database includes seven location fundamentals variables: land vegetation, average January temperature, total annual precipitation, percentage forest cover, distance to nearest coast, distance to nearest international border, and distance to closest border. - Market potential intends to measure the proximity of a city to nearby (national) markets as a city's market potential is determined by the network of cities to which it has access. - Monotowns are cities whose economies are dominated by one or a few tightly inter-connected industries. The Cities in ECA database includes a dummy variable identifying 224 monotowns in Russia, the only country for which this information was readily available. - Multi-city agglomeration or agglomerations correspond to cities whose urban footprint extends beyond a single administrative entity. Agglomerations are identified by intersecting the cities' data with the urban footprints produced by the NTL dataset. There are a total of 352 agglomerations composed of 2,358 cities in the 17 countries studied.

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Cineas, Grace; Restrepo Cadavid, Paula; Quintero, Luis E.; Zhukova, Sofia. 2017. Cities in Europe and Central Asia : a shifting story of urban growth and decline. Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/319131510892209158/Cities-in-Europe-and-Central-Asia-a-shifting-story-of-urban-growth-and-decline

This research, designed by the World Bank, and supported by the Department for International Development (DFID), aims to highlight the unprecedented transformation of the urban systems in the ECA region in the last decades, and to look at this shifts from the demographic, economic, and spatial prospectives.

Cities in ECA database comprises data from 5,549 cities in 15 countries of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region, as defined by the World Bank Group, and from the United Kingdom and Germany. Database information for each city is in three dimensions: demographic, spatial, and economic.

The starting point to construct the Cities in ECA database was to obtain from each of the countries the list of official cities and these cities' population data. Population data collected for cities falls on or around three years: 1989, 1999, and 2010 (or the latest year available). The official list of "cities" was geo-referenced and overlaid with globally-available spatial data to produce city-level indicators capturing spatial characteristics (e.g., urban footprint) and proxies for economic activity. City-level spatial characteristics, including urban footprints (or extents) for the years 1996, 2000, and 2010 and their temporal evolution, were obtained from the Global Nighttime Lights (NTL) dataset. City-level proxies for economic activity were also estimated based on the NTL dataset. Nighttime Lights (NLS) data is produced by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) - Optical Line Scanner (OLS) database and maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

FieldValue
Modified Date
2017-11-30
Release Date
Periodicity
Other
Identifier
02b7b345-4058-4934-ab8c-d91e0638fa5b
License
License Not Specified
Contact Email
Rating: 
0
No votes yet
Type: 
Languages Supported: 
Number of Economies: 
17
Data Classification of a Dataset: 
GSU
Release Date: 
Thursday, November 16, 2017
Last Updated Date: 
Tuesday, May 30, 2017
Organization: 
World Bank
Granularity: 
Data Notes: 
The Cities in ECA database also includes several variables which result from the intersection of other globally-available spatial data and the location of cities, or which further qualify cities' characteristics - based on their institutional or economic structure-using official data. Below is a description of some of these variables: - Location fundamentals refer to a series of spatially-concentrated characteristics, which can support the concentration of population and economic activities. These could include natural advantages supporting the development of agricultural activities or spatial characteristics supporting the development of commercial activities-such as having access to navigable waterways. The database includes seven location fundamentals variables: land vegetation, average January temperature, total annual precipitation, percentage forest cover, distance to nearest coast, distance to nearest international border, and distance to closest border. - Market potential intends to measure the proximity of a city to nearby (national) markets as a city's market potential is determined by the network of cities to which it has access. - Monotowns are cities whose economies are dominated by one or a few tightly inter-connected industries. The Cities in ECA database includes a dummy variable identifying 224 monotowns in Russia, the only country for which this information was readily available. - Multi-city agglomeration or agglomerations correspond to cities whose urban footprint extends beyond a single administrative entity. Agglomerations are identified by intersecting the cities' data with the urban footprints produced by the NTL dataset. There are a total of 352 agglomerations composed of 2,358 cities in the 17 countries studied.
Citation Text: 
Cineas, Grace; Restrepo Cadavid, Paula; Quintero, Luis E.; Zhukova, Sofia. 2017. Cities in Europe and Central Asia : a shifting story of urban growth and decline. Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/319131510892209158/Cities-in-Europe-and-Central-Asia-a-shifting-story-of-urban-growth-and-decline
Modified date: 
17315
Primary Dataset: 
Yes

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