Efficiency of Public Spending in Education, Health, and Infrastructure

Governments of developing countries typically spend between 20 and 30 percent of gross domestic product. Hence, small changes in the efficiency of public spending could have a major impact on aggregate productivity growth and gross domestic product levels. Therefore, measuring efficiency and comparing input-output combinations of different decision-making units becomes a central challenge. This paper gauges efficiency as the distance between observed input-output combinations and an efficiency frontier estimated by means of the Free Disposal Hull and Data Envelopment Analysis techniques....

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Procuring Infrastructure - Public-Private Partnership

Procuring Infrastructure PPPs: Adherence to Best Regulatory Practices is a collection of comparable and actionable data on the procurement of large-scale public-private partnership (PPP) infrastructure projects around the world. The assessments of countries’ regulatory practices are organized in four thematic areas: preparation, procurement, contract management, and a special module on unsolicited proposals (USP).

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World - Long-Term Impacts of Migration Survey 2013-14

These data consist of a long-term follow-up of applicants to a migration visa lottery. Tongan households were surveyed as migrants in New Zealand, or non-migrants in Tonga. It was used to examine the long-term impacts of international migration by comparing immigrants who had successful ballot entries in a migration lottery program, and first moved almost a decade ago, with people who had unsuccessful entries into those same ballots. It was additionally used to study how migrating from a poor country to a rich country affects economic beliefs, preference parameters, and household decision-...


Atlas of the Sustainable Development Goals 2018: From the World Development Indicators

The dataset includes raw data, as well as analytical and chart-formatting code (primarily in R) used to produce the 145 figures in the Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2018. A majority of the figures are based on data from the World Development Indicators (around 100 figures), while nearly the entire remainder use other open datasets which are included in this entry to ensure reproducibility. Four figures use data which we are unable to share for commercial reasons.

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Adjusted Net Savings

The wealth accounting approach provides two related sets of information: comprehensive wealth accounts (a stock measure in total and per capita values), and adjusted net savings (a flow measure). The wealth accounts were updated in 2018, using a new methodology described in The Changing Wealth of Nations 2018. The Adjusted Net Savings database is updated annually.

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World - Global Investment Competitiveness Survey 2017

The Global Investment Competitiveness Survey (GIC Survey) offers practical evidence to help policy makers design policies and prioritize reforms that investors value. It captures perceptions of international business executives on the role of investment climate factors in their FDI decisions. The survey was designed to provide a broad understanding of corporate perspectives and investor behavior and was not intended as a benchmarking tool to compare countries. Results are not representative at a country level.


Economic Fitness

Economic Fitness (EF) is both a measure of a country’s diversification and ability to produce complex goods on a globally competitive basis. Countries with the highest levels of EF have capabilities to produce a diverse portfolio of products, ability to upgrade into ever-increasing complex goods, tend to have more predictable long-term growth, and to attain good competitive position relative to other countries. Countries with low EF levels tend to suffer from poverty, low capabilities, less predictable growth, low value-addition, and trouble upgrading and diversifying faster than other...

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WTO Dispute Settlement Database

The dataset covers all 351 WTO disputes initiated through the official filing of a Request for Consultations at the WTO, from 1 January 1995 until October 25, 2006, and for these disputes it includes events occurring until December 31, 2006. For these disputes, the dataset covers exhaustively all stages of dispute settlement proceedings, from the moment when consultations are being requested to the eventual implementation of the rulings.

The dataset contains several hundred variables, providing information on various aspects of the legal procedure. The total number of entries is...


Public Credit Registries Survey Dataset

The Survey of Public Credit Registries was conducted by the World Bank in 1999-2000. 77 countries have participated in the survey, of which 40 indicated that they operated a public credit registry. The dataset contains responces to the survey regarding the nature of information collected and distributed by the Public Credit Registry, issues related to customer care and legal framework for credit.


Finance for All? Policy Research Report

This dataset provides the following measures:

  • Composite measure of access to financial services;
  • Use of loan and deposit services across economies;
  • Branch and ATM penetration across economies;
  • Barriers to deposit services;
  • Barriers to loan services: consumer and mortgage loans;
  • Barriers to loan services: business and SME loans; and
  • Barriers to payment services.

Medical Brain Drain: Physicians' Emigration Rates 1991-2004

This dataset, a product of the Trade Team - Development Research Group, is part of a larger effort in the group to measure the extent of the brain drain as part of the International Migration and Development Program. It contains data for 192 countries, for the years 1991-2004.

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Good Policy or Good Luck? Country Growth Performance and Temporary Shocks

Much of the new growth literature stresses country characteristics, such as education levels or political stability, as the dominant determinant of growth. However, growth rates are highly unstable over time, with a correlation across decades of 0.1 to 0.3, while country characteristics are highly stable, with cross-decade correlations of 0.6 to 0.9. Shocks, especially those to terms of trade, play a large role in explaining variance in growth. These findings suggest either that shocks are important relative to country characteristics in determining long-run growth, or that worldwide...

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Idea Gaps and Object Gaps in Economic Development

The dataset is used for Paul Romer's "Idea Gaps and Object Gaps in Economic Development", Journal of Monetary Economics 32 (3): 543-73, 1993 and covers 122 countries.

The data collected here come from two sources:

Blomstrom, Lipsey, and Zejan (1992) -- BLZ
Levine and Renelt (1992) -- LR
Levine and Renelt report make use of data from the World Bank (WB), Heston and Summers (1988) (HS), and Barro (1991).

Different authors have used different numerical codes and symbols to order the countries in this kind of data set. The first several columns in the worksheet...


A gendered assessment of the brain drain

This paper updates and extends the Docquier-Marfouk data set on inter-national migration by educational attainment. The authors use new sources, homogenize definitions of what a migrant is, and compute gender-disaggregated indicators of the brain drain. Emigration stocks and rates are provided by level of schooling and gender for 195 source countries in 1990 and 2000. The data set can be used to capture the recent trend in women's skilled migration and to analyze its causes and consequences for developing countries. The .findings show that women represent an increasing share of the OECD...

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Investment Climate FCS-typology-focused Data

Ten-year Investment Climate data for Fragile and Conflict-affected States (FCS) for the years 2006-2018.
These data are compiled from the World Bank's WDI, Enterprise Survey, Doing Business, CPIA and World Governance Indicators.

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Neighborhood Fragility Index (NFI) 2017

This Neighborhood Fragility Index (NFI) is based on the Fragility States Index (FSI) 2017 of the Fund for Peace. It provides a better understanding of neighbor quality of each country.

The quality of the neighborhood affects the trajectory of FCS countries through two channels: (1) A fragile neighborhood may increase the fragility of the affected country and perpetuate the conflict through illegal flows of weapons and fighters; (2) A stable neighborhood can provide the FCS countries with trading partners during and immediately after the conflict. It can also be a source of...


WTO Trade Flows and Trade Disputes

The database from Bown and Reynolds (2014, "Trade Flows and Trade Disputes") maps information on the policies that triggered WTO dispute settlement actions between 1995 and 2011 to highly disaggregated, product-level trade data so as to potentially learn from more precise measures of market access. This mapping includes three important elements i) information on the timing of the respondent’s policy change which triggered the dispute; ii) information on the different types of WTO-violating policies imposed, particularly whether they are ‘global’ policies (imposed against all trading...

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Lakner-Milanovic (2013) World Panel Income Distribution

This database contains a balanced and unbalanced panel of country-decile groups covering the twenty year period 1988-2008, expressed in a common currency and prices (2005 Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) dollars derived from the 2005 International Comparison Project). The database allows comparisons of average incomes by decile both across time and across countries.

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IPPS Pollution Intensity and Abatement Cost

The Economics of Industrial Pollution Control Research Project at the World Bank has developed a database and approach to estimating the amount of industrial pollution and cost of abatement based on easily obtainable indicators of industry scale. This system, called the Industrial Pollution Projection System (IPPS), has been used in a number of World Bank projects as well as by universities and research groups in other parts of the world.


What a Waste Global Database

What a Waste is a global project to aggregate data on solid waste management from around the world. This database features the statistics collected through the effort, covering nearly all countries and over 330 cities. The metrics included cover all steps from the waste management value chain, including waste generation, composition, collection, and disposal, as well as information on user fees and financing, the informal sector, administrative structures, public communication, and legal information. The information presented is the best available based on a study of current literature and...

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World - Global Financial Inclusion and Consumer Protection Survey 2017

The 2017 Global FICP Survey tracks the prevalence of key policy, legal, regulatory, and supervisory efforts to advance financial inclusion and financial consumer protection, including: national financial inclusion strategies, nonbank e-money issuers, agent-based delivery models, simplified customer due diligence, legal frameworks and institutional arrangements for financial consumer protection, disclosure and transparency, fair treatment of consumers, dispute resolution, and financial capability. Financial sector authorities in 124 jurisdictions responded to the 2017 Global FICP Survey....


International Comparison Program 2011

A set of comparable international price and volume measures of gross domestic products (GDP) and expenditure aggregates for 199 countries that participated in the 2011 round of International Comparison Program (ICP) and estimates for 15 non-participating countries. The data covers 26 expenditures categories for goods and services, and several indicators including purchasing power parities (PPPs), expenditure shares of GDP, total and per capita expenditures in US dollar both in exchange rate terms and PPP terms, and price level Indices. For further information see...

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