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Efficiency of Public Spending in Education, Health, and Infrastructure

Governments of developing countries typically spend between 20 and 30 percent of gross domestic product. Hence, small changes in the efficiency of public spending could have a major impact on aggregate productivity growth and gross domestic product levels. Therefore, measuring efficiency and comparing input-output combinations of different decision-making units becomes a central challenge. This paper gauges efficiency as the distance between observed input-output combinations and an efficiency frontier estimated by means of the Free Disposal Hull and Data Envelopment Analysis techniques....

Time Series

Procuring Infrastructure - Public-Private Partnership

Procuring Infrastructure PPPs: Adherence to Best Regulatory Practices is a collection of comparable and actionable data on the procurement of large-scale public-private partnership (PPP) infrastructure projects around the world. The assessments of countries’ regulatory practices are organized in four thematic areas: preparation, procurement, contract management, and a special module on unsolicited proposals (USP).

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Tanzania - World Bank Group Country Survey 2017

The Country Opinion Survey in Tanzania assists the World Bank Group (WBG) in gaining a better understanding of how stakeholders in Tanzania perceive the WBG. It provides the WBG with systematic feedback from national and local governments, multilateral/bilateral agencies, media, academia, the private sector, and civil society in Tanzania on: 1) their views regarding the general environment in Tanzania; 2) their overall attitudes toward the WBG in Tanzania; 3) overall impressions of the WBG’s effectiveness and results, knowledge work and activities, and communication and information sharing...


Atlas of the Sustainable Development Goals 2018: From the World Development Indicators

The dataset includes raw data, as well as analytical and chart-formatting code (primarily in R) used to produce the 145 figures in the Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2018. A majority of the figures are based on data from the World Development Indicators (around 100 figures), while nearly the entire remainder use other open datasets which are included in this entry to ensure reproducibility. Four figures use data which we are unable to share for commercial reasons.

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Economic Fitness

Economic Fitness (EF) is both a measure of a country’s diversification and ability to produce complex goods on a globally competitive basis. Countries with the highest levels of EF have capabilities to produce a diverse portfolio of products, ability to upgrade into ever-increasing complex goods, tend to have more predictable long-term growth, and to attain good competitive position relative to other countries. Countries with low EF levels tend to suffer from poverty, low capabilities, less predictable growth, low value-addition, and trouble upgrading and diversifying faster than other...

Time Series

ESA CCI Land Cover - Sentinel-2A Prototype Land Cover 20 meter Map of Africa 2016

The CCI Land Cover (LC) team is proud to announce the successful development of a prototype high resolution LC map at 20m over Africa based on 1 year of Sentinel-2A observations from December 2015 to December 2016. The main objective of the 'S2 prototype LC map at 20m of Africa 2016' release is to collect users feedback for further improvements.

The Coordinate Reference System used for the global land cover database is a geographic coordinate system (GCS) based on the World Geodetic System 84 (WGS84) reference ellipsoid.

The legend of the S2 prototype LC 20m map of Africa...


WTO Dispute Settlement Database

The dataset covers all 351 WTO disputes initiated through the official filing of a Request for Consultations at the WTO, from 1 January 1995 until October 25, 2006, and for these disputes it includes events occurring until December 31, 2006. For these disputes, the dataset covers exhaustively all stages of dispute settlement proceedings, from the moment when consultations are being requested to the eventual implementation of the rulings.

The dataset contains several hundred variables, providing information on various aspects of the legal procedure. The total number of entries is...


Public Credit Registries Survey Dataset

The Survey of Public Credit Registries was conducted by the World Bank in 1999-2000. 77 countries have participated in the survey, of which 40 indicated that they operated a public credit registry. The dataset contains responces to the survey regarding the nature of information collected and distributed by the Public Credit Registry, issues related to customer care and legal framework for credit.


Finance for All? Policy Research Report

This dataset provides the following measures:

  • Composite measure of access to financial services;
  • Use of loan and deposit services across economies;
  • Branch and ATM penetration across economies;
  • Barriers to deposit services;
  • Barriers to loan services: consumer and mortgage loans;
  • Barriers to loan services: business and SME loans; and
  • Barriers to payment services.

Protected Areas and Deforestation: New Results from High-Resolution Panel Data

This research investigates the effectiveness of protected areas in slowing tropical forest clearing in 64 countries in Asia/Pacific, Africa and Latin America for the period 2001-2012 by comparing deforestation rates within 10km inside and outside of the boundary of protected areas. Annual time series of these deforestation rates were constructed from recently published high-resolution data on forest clearing from Hansen et al (2013), the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA); a shapefile identifying tropical forest areas, drawn from Hansen, et al. (2003); and the database of Global...

Time Series

A gendered assessment of the brain drain

This paper updates and extends the Docquier-Marfouk data set on inter-national migration by educational attainment. The authors use new sources, homogenize definitions of what a migrant is, and compute gender-disaggregated indicators of the brain drain. Emigration stocks and rates are provided by level of schooling and gender for 195 source countries in 1990 and 2000. The data set can be used to capture the recent trend in women's skilled migration and to analyze its causes and consequences for developing countries. The .findings show that women represent an increasing share of the OECD...

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Investment Climate FCS-typology-focused Data

Ten-year Investment Climate data for Fragile and Conflict-affected States (FCS) for the years 2006-2018.
These data are compiled from the World Bank's WDI, Enterprise Survey, Doing Business, CPIA and World Governance Indicators.

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Neighborhood Fragility Index (NFI) 2017

This Neighborhood Fragility Index (NFI) is based on the Fragility States Index (FSI) 2017 of the Fund for Peace. It provides a better understanding of neighbor quality of each country.

The quality of the neighborhood affects the trajectory of FCS countries through two channels: (1) A fragile neighborhood may increase the fragility of the affected country and perpetuate the conflict through illegal flows of weapons and fighters; (2) A stable neighborhood can provide the FCS countries with trading partners during and immediately after the conflict. It can also be a source of...


WTO Trade Flows and Trade Disputes

The database from Bown and Reynolds (2014, "Trade Flows and Trade Disputes") maps information on the policies that triggered WTO dispute settlement actions between 1995 and 2011 to highly disaggregated, product-level trade data so as to potentially learn from more precise measures of market access. This mapping includes three important elements i) information on the timing of the respondent’s policy change which triggered the dispute; ii) information on the different types of WTO-violating policies imposed, particularly whether they are ‘global’ policies (imposed against all trading...

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What a Waste Global Database

What a Waste is a global project to aggregate data on solid waste management from around the world. This database features the statistics collected through the effort, covering nearly all countries and over 330 cities. The metrics included cover all steps from the waste management value chain, including waste generation, composition, collection, and disposal, as well as information on user fees and financing, the informal sector, administrative structures, public communication, and legal information. The information presented is the best available based on a study of current literature and...

Time Series

Control of Corruption: Estimate

Control of Corruption captures perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as "capture" of the state by elites and private interests. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution, i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

Control of Corruption: Number of Sources

Control of Corruption captures perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as "capture" of the state by elites and private interests. Number of sources indicates the number of underlying data sources on which the aggregate estimate is based.

Control of Corruption: Percentile Rank

Control of Corruption captures perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as "capture" of the state by elites and private interests. Percentile rank indicates the country's rank among all countries covered by the aggregate indicator, with 0 corresponding to lowest rank, and 100 to highest rank. Percentile ranks have been adjusted to correct for changes over time in the composition of the countries covered by the WGI.