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Belt and Road Initiative Trade Costs Database

This paper studies the impact of transport infrastructure projects of the Belt and Road Initiative on shipment times and trade costs. Based on a new data on completed and planned Belt and Road transport projects, Geographic Information System analysis is used to estimate shipment times before and after the Belt and Road Initiative. Two sets of data are computed to address different research questions: a global database based on an analysis of 1,000 cities in 191 countries and 47 sectors and a regional database that focuses on more granular information (1,818 cities) for Belt and Road...


Human Capital Index

The Human Capital Index (HCI) database provides data at the country level for each of the components of the Human Capital Index as well as for the overall index, disaggregated by gender. The index measures the amount of human capital that a child born today can expect to attain by age 18, given the risks of poor health and poor education that prevail in the country where she lives. It is designed to highlight how improvements in current health and education outcomes shape the productivity of the next generation of workers, assuming that children born today experience over the next 18 years...

Time Series

Efficiency of Public Spending in Education, Health, and Infrastructure

Governments of developing countries typically spend between 20 and 30 percent of gross domestic product. Hence, small changes in the efficiency of public spending could have a major impact on aggregate productivity growth and gross domestic product levels. Therefore, measuring efficiency and comparing input-output combinations of different decision-making units becomes a central challenge. This paper gauges efficiency as the distance between observed input-output combinations and an efficiency frontier estimated by means of the Free Disposal Hull and Data Envelopment Analysis techniques....

Time Series

Future of Business Survey - Aggregated Data

The Future of Business survey is a collaboration between Facebook, the OECD and the World Bank to provide timely insights on the perceptions, challenges, and outlook of online Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). The Future of Business survey was first launched as a monthly survey in 17 countries in February 2016 and expanded to include 42 countries in 2018. In early 2019 the Future of Business will expand to additional countries and move to a bi-annual cadence.

The target population consists of SMEs that have an active Facebook business Page and include both newer and longer-...

Time Series

Procuring Infrastructure - Public-Private Partnership

Procuring Infrastructure PPPs: Adherence to Best Regulatory Practices is a collection of comparable and actionable data on the procurement of large-scale public-private partnership (PPP) infrastructure projects around the world. The assessments of countries’ regulatory practices are organized in four thematic areas: preparation, procurement, contract management, and a special module on unsolicited proposals (USP).

Time Series

Atlas of the Sustainable Development Goals 2018: From the World Development Indicators

The dataset includes raw data, as well as analytical and chart-formatting code (primarily in R) used to produce the 145 figures in the Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2018. A majority of the figures are based on data from the World Development Indicators (around 100 figures), while nearly the entire remainder use other open datasets which are included in this entry to ensure reproducibility. Four figures use data which we are unable to share for commercial reasons.

Time Series

Usumacinta River Basin - Land Cover Land Use Mapping (LCLU)

This dataset provides Land Cover Land Use (LCLU) in Usumacinta river basin (Mexico).

This dataset is one of the products produced under the 2014-2016 World Bank (WBG) - European Space Agency (ESA) partnership, and is published in the partnership report: Earth Observation for Sustainable Development, June 2016.


Usumacinta River Basin - Water Quality Analysis

The products within the water quality service provide the parameters (a) Chlorophyll concentration (CHL), (b) Total suspended matter concentration (TSM), (c) Dissolved organic matter absorption (CDOM), and (d) Signal depths (Z90). They are provided as monthly averages in raster data sets in two different resolutions: 300m and 1200m. Overview images are provided which show the monthly averages of each year. Besides the image data, times series plots are delivered showing the evolution of the respective parameters for the areas of interest (AOIs). Finally, matrix plots are provided that...


Economic Fitness

Economic Fitness (EF) is both a measure of a country’s diversification and ability to produce complex goods on a globally competitive basis. Countries with the highest levels of EF have capabilities to produce a diverse portfolio of products, ability to upgrade into ever-increasing complex goods, tend to have more predictable long-term growth, and to attain good competitive position relative to other countries. Countries with low EF levels tend to suffer from poverty, low capabilities, less predictable growth, low value-addition, and trouble upgrading and diversifying faster than other...

Time Series

Health Equity and Financial Protection

This dataset contains information on health service coverage, health outcomes and financial protection from excess out-of-pocked medical spending at country level.

Time Series

WTO Dispute Settlement Database

The dataset covers all 351 WTO disputes initiated through the official filing of a Request for Consultations at the WTO, from 1 January 1995 until October 25, 2006, and for these disputes it includes events occurring until December 31, 2006. For these disputes, the dataset covers exhaustively all stages of dispute settlement proceedings, from the moment when consultations are being requested to the eventual implementation of the rulings.

The dataset contains several hundred variables, providing information on various aspects of the legal procedure. The total number of entries is...


Public Credit Registries Survey Dataset

The Survey of Public Credit Registries was conducted by the World Bank in 1999-2000. 77 countries have participated in the survey, of which 40 indicated that they operated a public credit registry. The dataset contains responces to the survey regarding the nature of information collected and distributed by the Public Credit Registry, issues related to customer care and legal framework for credit.


Finance for All? Policy Research Report

This dataset provides the following measures:

  • Composite measure of access to financial services;
  • Use of loan and deposit services across economies;
  • Branch and ATM penetration across economies;
  • Barriers to deposit services;
  • Barriers to loan services: consumer and mortgage loans;
  • Barriers to loan services: business and SME loans; and
  • Barriers to payment services.

Protected Areas and Deforestation: New Results from High-Resolution Panel Data

This research investigates the effectiveness of protected areas in slowing tropical forest clearing in 64 countries in Asia/Pacific, Africa and Latin America for the period 2001-2012 by comparing deforestation rates within 10km inside and outside of the boundary of protected areas. Annual time series of these deforestation rates were constructed from recently published high-resolution data on forest clearing from Hansen et al (2013), the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA); a shapefile identifying tropical forest areas, drawn from Hansen, et al. (2003); and the database of Global...

Time Series

What Improves Environmental Performance? Evidence from Mexican Industry

Survey data from Mexico, 1995, which provides detailed information on environmental performance and determinants, including plant, firm and market characteristics, pollution control costs, relationships with regulators, and measures to improve environmental performance. All plant and respondent identities were kept confidential. The data and survey document are all contained in the zip file.

As preparation for their research paper on "What Improves Environmental Performance? Evidence from Mexican Industry," Susmita Dasgupta, Mala Hettige and David Wheeler used survey evidence to...


A gendered assessment of the brain drain

This paper updates and extends the Docquier-Marfouk data set on inter-national migration by educational attainment. The authors use new sources, homogenize definitions of what a migrant is, and compute gender-disaggregated indicators of the brain drain. Emigration stocks and rates are provided by level of schooling and gender for 195 source countries in 1990 and 2000. The data set can be used to capture the recent trend in women's skilled migration and to analyze its causes and consequences for developing countries. The .findings show that women represent an increasing share of the OECD...

Time Series

Investment Climate FCS-typology-focused Data

Ten-year Investment Climate data for Fragile and Conflict-affected States (FCS) for the years 2006-2018.
These data are compiled from the World Bank's WDI, Enterprise Survey, Doing Business, CPIA and World Governance Indicators.

Time Series

Neighborhood Fragility Index (NFI) 2017

This Neighborhood Fragility Index (NFI) is based on the Fragility States Index (FSI) 2017 of the Fund for Peace. It provides a better understanding of neighbor quality of each country.

The quality of the neighborhood affects the trajectory of FCS countries through two channels: (1) A fragile neighborhood may increase the fragility of the affected country and perpetuate the conflict through illegal flows of weapons and fighters; (2) A stable neighborhood can provide the FCS countries with trading partners during and immediately after the conflict. It can also be a source of...


Services in the trans-pacific partnership : what would be lost?

As the fate of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) hangs in balance, an evaluation of what it offers could inform current decisions and shape future negotiations. The TPPs services component has been hailed as one of the agreement's major accomplishments. To assess the agreement's impact on national policy in the major services sectors, we created a new public database. This database reveals that TPP commitments seldom go beyond countries' applied policies, suggesting the explicit liberalization resulting from the agreement is limited only to a few countries and a few areas. However, the...


Electricity Regulation Database

Infrastructure industries-including telecommunications, electricity, water, and gas-underwent massive structural changes in the 1990s. During that decade, hundreds of privatization transactions valued at billions of dollars were completed in these sectors in developing and transition economies. While privatization has received the most attention, reforms also included market liberalization, structural changes like unbundling, and the introduction of new laws and regulations. To date, regulations have received far less attention than their potential economic effects warrant, largely due to...


WTO Trade Flows and Trade Disputes

The database from Bown and Reynolds (2014, "Trade Flows and Trade Disputes") maps information on the policies that triggered WTO dispute settlement actions between 1995 and 2011 to highly disaggregated, product-level trade data so as to potentially learn from more precise measures of market access. This mapping includes three important elements i) information on the timing of the respondent’s policy change which triggered the dispute; ii) information on the different types of WTO-violating policies imposed, particularly whether they are ‘global’ policies (imposed against all trading...

Time Series

Mexico Air Pollution Intensities

This database provides estimates for the amount of pollution (load) produced from a unit of production (in this case, indicated by employment) by specific industry sectors and by firms within particular size categories. The pollution intensities are for the following pollutants:

particulates (PT);
sulphur oxide (SOX);
carbon monoxide (CO);
nitrogen oxide (NOX);
hydrocarbons (HC).
This dataset has been produced by DECRG-IE of the World Bank in collaboration with Mexico’s Instituto Nacional de Ecologia (INE), using a database they provided, the Sistema...


What a Waste Global Database

What a Waste is a global project to aggregate data on solid waste management from around the world. This database features the statistics collected through the effort, covering nearly all countries and over 330 cities. The metrics included cover all steps from the waste management value chain, including waste generation, composition, collection, and disposal, as well as information on user fees and financing, the informal sector, administrative structures, public communication, and legal information. The information presented is the best available based on a study of current literature and...

Time Series

Mexico - Encuesta de Indicadores Múltiples por Conglomerados 2015

La Encuesta de Indicadores Múltiples por Conglomerados (MICS), llamada en México "Encuesta Nacional de Niños, Niñas y Mujeres" (ENIM) fue llevada a cabo en 2015 por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, como parte del programa global de MICS. La Representación en México del Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (UNICEF) brindó apoyo técnico y financiero. La ENIM 2015 representa el primer esfuerzo de implementación de la encuesta MICS en nuestro país permitiendo la incorporación de México a un reconocido programa global de monitoreo de la situación de niños, niñas y mujeres,...